Despite what many might think, Seventeenth-century slavery in America is well known across hundreds of nations all over the world. Slavery in America has been around for several centuries and has a very important meaning in the lives of many. Slavery in America in the late 17th century, was the direct result of a labor shortage in the English colonies. Colonists continually tried to allure laborers to the colony and chiefly relied on Indentured Servitude. The headright system was a method of getting cheap laborers as well as increasing the population of the colony by giving the indentured servant independence after a certain number of years of service.
The early years of the American economy were filled with trade routes stretching across the Atlantic in ostensibly all directions. With trade between European countries, the goods and slaves coming into and out of America tended to be part of a multilateral system. This trading system between European countries, Africa, and America became known as the Triangle Trade, as the route was traveled in a triangle formation. Ships left Europe for African markets with manufactured goods which were traded for purchased or often kidnapped Africans. These Africans were transported across the Atlantic and would become slaves.
The shipping of slaves from Africa to the New World became a huge international business. The mass import of slave into the colonies began after the Indian population was killed by disease and the indentured slaves didn’t want to do the hard work of sugar cane. Slavery didn’t grow as fast in North America as it did in Brazil and the West Indies. Slavery began to grew in the early 1700’s when the House of Burgesses pass a new slave code. Slaves became property.
To increase the population to work for free, million of Africans were brought to the America to work under horrible conditions. The Africans were sold in many ways. They were sold to traders by other Africans, and eventually forced into slavery. Slaves were placed aboard ships to be taken across the Atlantic. Similarly, Europeans used sheep to make their lifestyles better.
Slaves worked on tobacco,rice,cotton, and indigo plantations. It was from there that slavery was known to every colony. Slavery began in 1619. The African Americans came from Africa to America in hopes of finding a better place to live.”Slavery was practiced throughout the American colonies in the 17th and 18th centuries, and African-American slaves helped build the economic foundations of the new nation.” concludes www.history.com. From six to seven billion African Americans were taken into slavery by the 18th century.
The South used the Africans immigrants who were forced off their homeland from countries in Africa like Liberia through the Transatlantic Slave Trade. The African American population now was more prevalent in the South, as they were used as field workers non voluntarily. After Nat Turner’s rebellion, Southerners were not as lenient with free slaves and tried hoarding them in. They did not have any rights or liberties, but were fed and sheltered by the owners. In the 19th century, the Interregional Slave Trade was a great migration of slaves from the Upper South to the Deep South.
From the very beginning of the seventeenth century, America depended on slaves for free labor in order to make a considerable profit. These slaves were not treated as normal people though; they were sold into a life of no rights, cruel punishment, and rigorous work schedules. In his autobiography, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, freed slave Frederick Douglass shares his personal accounts with slavery in order to reveal the harsh truth slavery hides to the public. Throughout his narrative, Douglass uses specific maritime allusions as well as vivid diction, oxymorons and anaphora to persuade the reader to think more philosophically about oppression and in turn ask the question, ‘what does it truly take to be free?’. Throughout the
Slavery began long before the colonization of North America. This was an issue in ancient Egypt, as well as other times and places throughout history. In discussing the evolution of African slavery from its origins, the resistance and abolitionist efforts through the start of the Civil War, it is found to have resulted in many conflicts within our nation. In 1619, the first Africans in America arrived in Jamestown on a Dutch ship. There were 20 Africans labeled as “indentured servants.” This meant that for a period of time, the servants would work in exchange for a place to reside, as well as transportation.
The slave trade begins with Portuguese and some Spanish traders taking African slaves to the American colonies then taking the slaves through the middle passage across the Atlantic to sell them in the west indies and North America. In the early 15th century European traders started to sell slaves. They charged into towns to capture Africans. Some Africans captured in wars were sold to European traders by other Africans.The biggest effect the trade had on West Africa was a huge decrease in their population of people getting captured or traded into slavery. Below is a picture of the triangular trade route with slavery.
Claudia Gorski 11 December, 2016 Mrs. Campara Honors World Studies How did Europe use slaves through The Triangular Trade to gain power? During the Age of Exploration which lasted from 1400 to 1600, the world became global. There was more desire for resources and power. It was a time where Europeans saw their race as superior, slavery was based on race, and Europeans found the American continent where they started growing crops for profit and power. Europe used slaves through The Triangular Trade to gain power by making the slaves work on plantations, loading the exotic plantation products that slaves worked on in the ships empty holds and shipped to Europe to be sold, and supplying Africans to plantations in the Western Hemisphere until it was made illegal.
The people from Africa were generally part of early American history; however, Africans had experience slavery under better conditions compared to the conditions imposed by other civilized society. From the Egyptian Empire to the Empire of Songhai, slavery was practice for the betterment of their society, however, foreigners invaded these regions and took their slave, their ports and impose these people to a life of servitude in the Caribbean islands and in the English’s colonies. Furthermore, the African American slaves were an active agent of society in the earliest period of American history; they have brought new religious practices to their community; for instance, they constructed networks of communities; they had fought in war alongside
Colonization involved invading the land, culture, and establishing control over indigenous groups. There were problems with equality some rich and some poor. The most valuable crop for colonies was tobacco and soon tobacco was sent over to Africa. However, a cargo of African Americans were sent to the Spanish colonies. The new English colonies consist of small farms consisting tobacco plantation which lead to slavery.
The Middle Passage was the voyage from Africa to America, which the ships made, bringing their cargo of slaves. Some say it was called the middle section of the trade path engaging by many of ships. It was so many shackled with iron below deck. The young black slaves were considered a risk that they might over- turn their captures. They lived in deplorable conditions, which contribute to diseases and deaths.
Indentured servitude set the foundation for slavery in the early colonies. Indentured servants would provide free labor for a certain number of years and in the end were rewarded with an area of land. When this became too difficult to provide land, slavery was born. Although morally unethically, the colonist’s economy improved when indentured servitude transitioned into slavery of Africans through Bacon’s Rebellion, triangle trade, and laws allowing mistreatment of slaves as property. Bacon’s Rebellion was the turning point in indentured servitude.