They soon coerced the natives into working on sugar and tobacco plantations as slaves—the conditions were horrendous and life was short and brutal. Because European explorers brought along their native diseases (such as smallpox and tuberculosis), the native population was soon dramatically diminished. This meant that Caribbean plantation owners had to import in African slaves. This rejuvenated the African slave trade, which became an essential part of the global economy. Russian serfdom, however,
In Beloved, Morrison expresses the impact that slavery has on the black community. We come to know about the past events when Paul D and Sethe communicates about their commonly shared past at Sweet Home. The owners of Sweet Home were Mr. and Mrs. Garner, who dealt with their slaves respectfully. Despite that the slaves at Sweet Home did not have legal or social rights, the Garners allowed them many liberties like to select wives, handle weapons, learn how to read and even buy a mother’s freedom. Still Mr. Garner was a disappointing person as he was a slave owner.
Slaves were treated as property with little value. Beatings and assaults occurred in various places along the slave trade. Also, because of the prosperous slave trade, slaves were sold suddenly and had no time to say goodbye to their families. This narrative brought readers attention to the reasons behind slavery and why this cruel journey continued to take place during the eighteenth century. Slaves were being used for work to benefit economies around the
It can be argued that slavery in Latin America was not only more common; but also more brutal. Their lives were short and they were expected to live from five to six years, which was considered a large profit to the slave owners, as they were able to purchase new and healthier slaves with no financial loss. They were also heavily mistreated; being forced to work for hours under the scorching sun, with terrible living conditions and poor nutrition. Slaves were seen as barely human, and the loss of one only meant the loss of the slave owner’s financial gain. Sugar was produced by the masses, but it cost thousands of human lives.
According to him, slavery is inhuman, unjust, and intolerable. The labor becomes a commodity in the market and does not have the free will to choose the regions he/she should go to for work. He/she is chained and forced to work several years without any decent pay. The slave masters look at the salves as animals that should spend most of their lives working. Henry states that most of the slaves are separated from their families and are denied the aspect of social integration with the rest of the society.
The reconstruction focused on abolishing slavery for good in order not to move war again, but this really did not happen. As soon as Reconstruction ended and the Southern states were allowed to do what they wanted, they imposed segregation on blacks and did all sorts of things to prevent them from voting. In addition, reconstructions failed to help blacks economically. They did not get the land acres that they hoped for. Therefore, they continued to be poor farm workers who pretty much had to work for the rich landowners.
The individuals who were slaves were "captured in warfare, some were debtors, others were criminals" (Clark, 16). The slavery was temporary and never passed down to the child. As well as, the slaves can work into their freedom, and the slaves can get married into the family that held them. There were bad parts to this type of slavery as well because some slaves were sacrificial death, woman and children were in demand for labor or even any sexual purpose. Even though this is bad on its own the Triangular Trade is deemed much worse for multiple reasons.
The system of slavery caused many southern slave owners to believe that without this system American progression would not be as prosperous. The system of slavery was not only a benevolent institution for black slaves but for slaveowners as well. Southern slave owners valued making profit rather than seeing slaves as equal, therefore, would treat slaves as animals causing the slaveowners to have little to no morals. Famous president Thomas Jefferson stated in a letter, “Comparing them by their faculties of memory, reason, and imagination, it appears to me in memory they are equal to the whites; in reason much inferior, as I think one could scarcely be found capable of tracing and comprehending the investigation of Euclid” Jefferson’s tone
“What difference is there in the color of the soul?” said Solomon Northup in 12 Years a Slave. Those who were enslaved were owned by masters who were generally very cruel. Slaves were treated as they were only there to work, not to thrive, and barely to survive. Slaves were often put on plantations that normally had farms for them to work on. Their working conditions were poor and the days were long.
In the minds of many Southerners, without slavery, the South and America as a whole, wouldn’t continue to be a growing economic powerhouse, and would lose its culture as a nation where White Christian, males, ruled society. For many, there was no South, no America, without slavery. History has shown time and time again that power corrupts. To hold onto their power, slave owners made sure their slaves were kept uneducated. As it is today, if you’re not born into your wealth, the primary way for people to escape from poverty is through education.
In the South, people wanted to keep slavery because it was profitable to their economy and generated a 100% profit on all goods sold. In the North, blacks and whites were starting to work together. Blacks were still restricted and did not have the same rights as a white man but slavery was not accepted. Blacks could not go where ever they pleased, blacks could not apply for any job and blacks could not vote. The North began to build manufactures
It didn’t help that the slave duty was at a whopping twenty percent. This only brought the farmers into more debt with which their tobacco could not render enough profit to get them out of. According to William Allason, the poor farmers were dedicated to lowering the duty on slaves as low as possible as opposed to shutting down the slave trade altogether, for the farmers needed hands to cultivate their product. (Holton, 71) Britain sided with the gentry’s opponents which were the poor farmers. This example of camaraderie between the British and the poor Virginians establishes the farmers’ stance on independence; despite the troubles they have had with the economy, the poor farmers are so bad off that they would rather turn to Britain (home of the Parliament that imposed sanctions negatively affecting the economy) for aide in lowering the duty on slaves.
The system of sharecropping was only a modified alternative for slavery considering the workers would always have debt owed to the landowner and they were not treated much better. They would rent a small portion of land and then they would give the landowner the majority of the crops. Document D shows how sharecropping was spread widely throughout the South, replacing slavery. This prevented freedmen from being completely free, even after slavery had been abolished. In addition, many African Americans in the North were limited when it came to getting jobs.
The farming industry also prospered outdoing local people and needed other resources to work these growing farms. Indentured servants were the way to go, but these young men wanted more and ended up rebelling for their rights. After the rebel masters were precocious with who they wanted to which they resorted to African Americans. African American were treated cruelly, but some colonies had started to realize that, Northern colonies that thrived in merchant businesses stood up to slavery and wanted it abolished compared to the south who strived for more slavery. In result of the animosity the Mason-Dixon line was created to split the states of slavery rights.
Once African Americans were sent off with their freedom, former slaves were left on their own with little more then what they were allowed to take. Due to the racist attitudes that were rampant in the South, it was nearly impossible to find anything but low paying, unskilled jobs for anyone who wasn’t white. Because blacks needed work and plantation owners had vacant land an arrangement was placed in order to meet a questionably mutual benefit, sharecropping. Sharecropping was an agreement between former slave and former slave owners; that in exchange for a share of land and shelter, at a very high rate of interest, the landowner would receive a portion of the harvest made by his land. Although this was a system that functioned for a short time when it was most needed, the high interest rates thrown to the former slaves that suffered from them made the debt nearly impossible to repay, yet again leaving the African Americans under control of the white race.