Background Information on the Enlightenment: In the year of 1791, The French and Haitian Revolution coexisted simultaneously. France was trying to pick up the pieces of a country left in shambles, while across the hemisphere, Haiti was about to ignite the fire. In France, they were in the process of creating a new government, in which all citizens would have equal rights, as based on the Declaration of the Rights of Man. In Haiti, a shocked oppressed populace was discovering the power that was held by the Declaration of the Rights of Man and was keen to set their own revolution. Due to these uprisings in different parts of the world, it had a varying political objective, but it appears to be that it was roused by the Enlightenment's radical
When the Revolution took a radical turn in 1792, the French Republic was formed. Finally, in 1799, after the end of the Reign of Terror in which the monarchy and its allies were executed, the French Revolution came to an end, with Napoleon gaining power over France. Overall, the Haitian Revolution is a contrast to the French Revolution because the main reasons and goals of the people were different. In Haiti, the news of American Independence motivated slaves to unite and fight for equality from European nations. Meanwhile in France, the radicals hoped that by overthrowing the monarchy, a new assembly would be created and France would become a republic.
Considerable political unrest had been created in the colonies as a result of the pioneering reforms and ideologies introduced during the French Revolution (1789 – 1799). The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen (1789) caused several petitions for civil rights from the affranchis (free wealthy coloureds), as they believed that according to the article they were entitled to equality. In 1790, the National Assembly extended the franchise to the affranchis, however, the colonial governor refused to implement this resolution. This led to a revolt headed by Vincent Ogé and Jean-Baptiste Chavennes, which ended in defeat at the hands of the white militia and the execution of the insurgent leaders. Eventually, however, the French National Constituent Assembly ruled in favour of the affranchis.
The Haitian Revolution was caused by oppressive slavery and discrimination against all but the French elite and led to the death of French and Haitians alike, the French’s expulsion from the island, and the spread of hope and freedom to other oppressed people all over the world. To start, the Haitian Revolution was started due to a variety of factors. But probably the most important one was slavery and oppression that was forced upon peoples from Africa who were imported to Haiti (Then Saint Domingue) and discriminated against even if they were free, just because of the color of their skin. To give context, from the years before 1791, slavery was incredibly harsh against slaves. The perpetrators of the cruelty were the French because they viewed themselves as superior and sons of the French Revolution that overthrew an oppressive government in France.
These changes will soon be repeated in countries like the German Coast Uprising of 1811 in the United States. Naturally, the bloodiness of the Haitian Revolution aroused fear among many. For example, Thomas Jefferson in Document 9 wanted to end contact and abolish trade in order to ensure peace and stop violence between different groups of people. Jefferson knew that contact with Haiti would cause slavery to be a debated question for the United States. With Haiti being another republic, the new country no longer imported slaves from the Trans-Atlantic slave trade, which ultimately shaped the economy particularly in the Western
Therefore, they continued to be poor farm workers who pretty much had to work for the rich landowners. This was not much different from how things had been during slavery. It is clear that the government did not care much of the morality of slavery more than as a political tactic to secure higher
The Spanish were the first to use African slaves in the New World on islands such as Cuba and Hispaniola with the first African slaves arriving in Hispaniola in 1501. By 1750, slavery was established as a legal institution in all of the 13 colonies and contributed to almost five percent of the England 's revenues. The enslavement of humans and the denial of basic human rights to slaves has been the basis of several wars such as the Haitian revolution, the American Civil War and numerous slave rebellions in America. The main reason behind the American Civil War was, indeed, slavery. The Republican Party in America was determined to end slavery, whereas many leaders in the Southern states wanted slavery to continue or they threatened to secede from the Union.
Though the beginning of French revolution was just a movement for government reforms, but later it twisted ferocious that leaded to the abolition of monarchy and execution of King Louis XVI. To resolve the monarch’s financial crisis, the estate general was called by King Louis XVI on May, 1789. The member of the third estate made their own national assembly fearing to bear the financial burden, and pledged Tennis Court Oath, and decided to remain there until a new constitution has been made. In addition, July 14, 1789, angry people of France, saw bastille a place to vent their frustration and marquis De Launay along with his troop found no option else then to surrender to the mob. After coming to know about the fall of the Bastille, King Louis XVI removed the imperial troops from the French capital and brought back finance minister Jacques Necker However, he could no longer converse the Revolution, while the National Assembly (from July 9 formally called the National Constituent Assembly) became de facto the French
The Haitian revolution had a massive impact on Haiti today and other countries around the world. It was the most successful slave uprising in the world and its story was an inspiration to many. The revolution that happened from 1791 to 1804 would later lead to the economic disaster that the country has become today. The country was discovered by an Italian navigator known as Christopher Columbus. He decided to call it La Isla Española and later changed it to Hispaniola.
France received new laws called the Code of Napoleon allowing Freedom of worship. Napoleon rooted out corruption, the downside of this France was always at war. Napoleon fought for land and France never stopped warring he wanted to take over Brittan, but it was just out of reach for him. So, he tried to invade Russia with six thousand men, Russia retreated but while burning Frances crops as they left, with this loss to Napoleon he slowly fell off his pedestal as