Slavery In The United States Chapter 1 Summary

1810 Words8 Pages

Connor Prendergast Mr Mutz US History/Block A 18 August 2015 RA#1 The Union in Peril Section 1: The Diverse Politics of Slavery Slavery in the Territories • Secession • Popular Sovereignty Protest, Resistance, and Violence • Underground Railroad • Harriet Tubman • Harriet Beecher Stowe New Political Parties Emerge • Franklin Pierce Conflicts Lead to Secession • Dred Scott • Stephen Douglas • Abraham Lincoln • Confederacy • Jefferson Davis Slavery in the Territories • Secession is the formal withdrawal of a state from the Union. The secession of South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas furthered the rift between the north and …show more content…

The Railroad helped to free many slaves and saved many lives. • Harriet Tubman was a conductor on the Underground Railroad. She was born a slave and, after running away, returned to the South to help free hundreds of other slaves. • Harriet Beecher Stowe was the author of the book Uncle Tom’s Cabin. This book showed that slavery was about more than politics, it was a great moral struggle. Stowe had an immense hatred for slavery and used her talent for writing to increase protests against it. New Political Parties Emerge • Franklin Pierce was the 14th president of the United States. Conflicts Lead to Secession • Dred Scott was a slave. Scott’s owner brought him from the slave state of Missouri to the free state of Illinois. Scott went to the Supreme Court, saying that because he was living in a free state, he should be free. The Supreme Court ruled against Scott because the Fifth Amendment protected the property of US citizens, and slaves were considered property. This decision was important because it meant that slavery could be allowed in free states as long as the slaves and their owners came from slave …show more content…

The Confederacy won this battle but was too tired to press on to D.C. • Thomas J. Jackson, nicknamed Stonewall Jackson, was a Confederate general. He received this nickname because like a stone wall, he held strong against attack. Jackson was the general who led the Confederacy to victory at Bull Run • Ulysses S. Grant was a Union general. He led the Union to many victories. • Robert E. Lee took over General Joseph E. Johnston’s army after Johnston was wounded. Lee was a great commander and was willing to go beyond conventional tactics. • Antietam is a creek where McClellan battled Lee. This battle was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history. The Politics of War • The Emancipation Proclamation stated that the Union army could free any slaves they came across in the Confederate States. Lincoln realized that he did not have the power to abolish slavery where it already existed, but he was able to seize enemy resources. Since the Confederacy was using slaves to grow food and provide labor, they were a valuable resource and the Union was allowed to free them. This Proclamation was important because for many, it changed the purpose of the war. Many now thought of the war as a fight to free the

Open Document