The introduction of drums to the Atlantic world by African slaves is quite significant as “the drums and related forms of percussion (polyrhythmic drumming) survived or reappeared everywhere in the Americas.” Another African instrument, that gained much significance in the Americas, more specifically in Brazil, was the mbira, which originated in present day Zimbabwe. The xylophone, also coming from Africa, symbolised African culture in the Americas. Interestingly, the term marimba attained the meaning of both the xylophone and the mbira in the Caribbean and Brazil. Slaves in Brazil were usually musicians for white private parties as well as public festivals for the black communities. Along with music, religious celebrations played a crucial role in the mixing of cultures.
At the beginning of the colonial period in America, there was a great need for workers that could help make a profit for the foreign companies who invested in colonies in the Americas. While these workers originally came from several backgrounds and countries, it soon became clear that African slavery dominated all forms of forced labor. Nowhere was this clearer than in the Lower Mississippi Valley. Starting off as a French colony the Lower Mississippi Valley’s primary work force was from European workers and Native American enslaved people. However, as the manipulation of African slavery in the French colony of Saint Domingue, today known as Haiti, began to turn a huge profit.
In both Trinidad and Tobago and Guyana, the Indo-Trinidadians were seen as the strike breakers in 1838 and 1845 in both countries, the public service were largely comprised of Africans; the educated were largely Africans as well. But the differences are blatant. Guyana has an area of eighty-three thousand square miles while Trinidad and Tobago together has an area of one thousand nine hundred and eighty square miles. Trinidad and Tobago derives its income largely from energy sources while in Guyana the major contributor to the gross domestic product is
Aastha Yadav Parag Jyoti Saikia World Civilization 12 March 2018 How Does Colonization and Global Economy effect on African Society? Colonization refers” Process of controlling power by dominant group over recessive group or area” Europeans came Africa for trading purpose and introduced slavery that deviated Africans life and society. Colonization and global economy effect Africa, it damaged tradition economy, culture, political policies and dramatically it effect on land and labor. Globalization and colonization often increased tension and led to violence among ethnic groups. A part of it Europeans also built Africa in terms of education, development and growth, reformed political and social policies, new technology came out etc.
The Africans who were enslaved were generally prisoners of war or captives from slave raids. “As the demand for slaves grew, so did the practice of systematic slave raiding, which increased in scope and efficiency with the introduction of firearms to Africa in the 17th century. By the 18th century, most African slaves were acquired through slave raids, which penetrated farther and farther inland.” Those unlucky enough to be captured in certain invasions were forced to march certain paths, sometimes for a few hundred miles, to markets on the coast to be traded for simple materials in return. From the mid-fifteenth to the late-nineteenth century, European and American slave sellers obtained roughly 12
The imperialism began from Africa. Imperialism is expanding nation’s power or influence by direct control of a territory or by controolling econoy and politics. Between 1500 and 1800, Europeans were only seen in Africa to buy and sell slaves from local chiefs. The slave ships anchored off the African coastline and their crews seldom left the ship because of the risk of contagious malaria or other harmful diseases. Europeans were helpless to these diseases.
Unfortunately for many blacks who became slaves, they were traded as merchandise for goods. Even though Chattel Slavery was a system that was first initiated in Europe, it later did become legal in the United States. The legalization of Chattel slavery in the United States happened due to the fact that a trader who brought slaves into America. He kept bringing slaves into America as servants to him and other, this marking the beginning of legal Chattel slavery in the United States. It came to the point that black slaves were part of the Civil War.
The Spanish were the first to use African slaves in the New World on islands such as Cuba and Hispaniola with the first African slaves arriving in Hispaniola in 1501. By 1750, slavery was established as a legal institution in all of the 13 colonies and contributed to almost five percent of the England 's revenues. The enslavement of humans and the denial of basic human rights to slaves has been the basis of several wars such as the Haitian revolution, the American Civil War and numerous slave rebellions in America. The main reason behind the American Civil War was, indeed, slavery. The Republican Party in America was determined to end slavery, whereas many leaders in the Southern states wanted slavery to continue or they threatened to secede from the Union.
The author examines the African influences on the Caribbean folk traditions, highly focused on the religion point of view. African cultural practices and norms survived periods of slavery and colonization and they continue to influence Caribbean folk culture in very important aspects like: form, literature, and rhetoric. One de-celebrated calypso that Brathwaite uses as an example on his essay is “Dan is the man in the
It borrows heavily from African traditions, culture, and Afrocentric worldview. African American Psychology is the study of black individual’s experiences as African Americans more than their experience as African descent people. It focuses heavily on how systematic, long-term oppression impacts individuals and African Americans as a whole. One similarity between both studies is the shared Africentric worldview. An Africentric worldview is defined as the promotion of the well-being of African people.