DBQ on opposition to slavery 1776-1852 The years from 1776-1852 was period of growth and change for the newly established United States and one thing that seemed determine to change was slavery. The establishment of slavery had existed in America for longer than the country itself and up to this point in history the question of slavery had been avoided but the economy shifting towards industrialization and a political climate that was becoming increasingly stratified primed society for a confrontation of the issue. Though eventually abolished through the civil war, slavery would leave marks on the country that still influence modern society. The opposition to slavery that would lead to this revolution of sorts began to grow because of increasing religious fervor, ethical awareness promoted by those advocating human rights, as well as political motivation. One of the factors that played into the growing opposition to slavery was the increased religious interest that was especially present in the north.
Typically slave owners would read to their slaves, scriptures taken out of context. They falsely justified and deemed that to halt their use of slaves was unnecessary. If black men and women were given a sense of humanity it not only deprived slave owners the right to treat their slaves as they pleased but also revoked the right to own slaves
Additionally, expansion and geography played a significant role in abolitionist endeavors. The thirst to expand American borders stretching from the Atlantic to Pacific aided in climaxing the tension between those who wanted the new land acquired as free states and those who wanted slave states. With the majority of states north of the Mason-Dixon Line pressing for the abolition of slaves and the states south of the line urging to allow slavery to spread west, the sectional divide caused for a strong opposition to slavery. Therefore, the driving forces for abolition came from religious reasons, expansion and geography, and ideas of equality. To begin, religion and faith were the foundations for the increasing denunciation of slavery.
Abolitionism was a well-known movement around the time of the Civil War and its aim was to put an end to slavery. The people of the early nineteenth century viewed the elimination of slavery in numerous ways. Some fought against the end of slavery, some appeared to mildly support the cause and yet others wholeheartedly supported the ending of slavery until their dying day. Charles Finney was a religious leader who promoted social reforms such as the abolition of slavery. He also fought for equality in education for women as well as for African Americans.
The culture and practices of their time avoided them any critical analysis of their status in the society. In fact, even when slaves started revolts and violent riots, there actions where only confined to that single occasion. Overall, there was no bigger picture in their eyes on the brutality of slavery. The conditions and the cultural understanding of that time were so clear-cut and strong on the idea of blackness and slavery, that most slaves probably even believed that they were racially inferior to the white master and that their role in the society was to serve. Mostly because the wonderful ideas of civil disobedience brought by Rosa Parks in 1955 where far from the slaves in the plantations, who lived centuries before the declaration of human rights and the abolition of slavery.
This tactic was only used to justify the use of slavery in the US and Europe. ¨”Ideas of Africans as inferior, backwards and barbaric can be traced back to those justifying slavery in the 18th century.” (Theguardian.com, David Olusoga) Many other rivaling countries testified at the thought of slavery, but the Europeans and Americans always stated that the Africans were nothing worth fighting for and that they were just as wild as a dog. Even after the “end” of mainstream slavery in the United States, the government created more laws that mainly affected the African Americans of the Nation. Some extremely outrageous laws were created that only affected 10% of the white population at the time. Some laws that affected them are if you steal something as insignificant as a nail, you will get 5 years in jail.
Although the Bible was the same and both prayed to a God, the interpretation they gave of the teachings and the readings of the Bible were different. The curse of Canaan and his descendants was related to the issue of servility and slavery, the whites used this relationship as a justification that God was in accordance with slavery. As Callahan mentioned in The Poison Book, “Jefferson Davis defended chattel slavery and the foreign slave trade as the “importation of the race of Ham,” fulfillment of Africans’ destiny to be “servants of servants.” They used this text to defend slavery and that blacks had been destined to be slaves. The most important teaching of whites to Christianize blacks was the importance of obedience. The blacks did not believe in what the whites preached.
The South was afraid that if Abraham Lincoln was elected president that he would abolish slavery. That is not necessarily true because Abraham Lincoln had his own slaves but he just wanted to stop the spread of slavery. He did not want slavery to expand into the North or even to the new territories of the West. The South thought that Lincoln would abolish slavery and the South did not want to do that because they thought that the North would have too much power and they did not want to relinquish all of that power to the North. The slaves in the South were making their slaves owners a lot of money by working hard and not being paid for it.
The black folk and their families of 8 to 10 slept in a 1 or 2 room cabin violating their right to a decent life. They were humiliated in public, even assaulted, violating their right to public security and free from degradation; and considered and treated as individuals with no human qualities violating their right to equal treatment before the law. Fourthly, they did not have the standard education and equal job opportunities. Fifthly, Children had to work to make a living, and although it was cultural and out of necessity, it is seen as child abuse and neglect by Social Work standards. Lastly, black young girls were sexually abused by the plantation owners when they were still living in slavery thus increasing the promiscuity outcomes.
The Abolitionist Movement was a movement that was against slavery. The Abolitionist Movement is trying to address the problem which is that slavery needs to end immediately and give freedom to all the slaves. To do this, the public's opinion must change about slavery. People thought slavery was okay. In the 1800s, there were about 893,602 slaves in the United States.