The most commonly abused drugs among them are marijuana, cocaine, heroin and hallucinogens. Drug abuse is caused by psychological, genetic as well as environmental factors and can have significant damaging effects on health. Psychological factors are associated with the development of drug abuse. Drug abuse often occurs
Addiction is the reliance on a routine. There are many addictive stages. Addiction, as it comes along, becomes a way of life. The persistent use of the substance causes to the user serious physical or psychological problems and dysfunctions in major areas of his or her life. The drug user continues to use substances and the compulsive behavior despite the harmful consequences, and tries to systematically avoid responsibility and reality, while he or she tends to isolate himself/herself from others because of guilt and pain (Angres, & Bettinardi-Angres, 2008).
It can extend far beyond the original impact as the entire communities suffers devastating and wide consequences. Rohypnol can affect families, health care costs, and productivity. Most addicts tend to be emotionally unstable and unpredictable, which causes the family to live in states of anxiety and fear about triggering an emotional outburst. The children can also suffer from neglect. This addiction is a serious disease that needs professional medical treatment.
It would be too predictable if it was just alcohol, drugs and cigarettes. We can be addicted to so much more than that, we can be addicted to people. Most things start out as just a normal part of our lives and at some point become obsessive and out of control. It is just as hard to walk away from another person as it is to drop the needle. The letting go part of a relationship, is the hardest part.
The misuse of drugs has become one of the major challenges to face the UK Government as it not only affects user’s personal-health but it also has a large negative impact on communities (Nutt et al., 2007). In 1971 due to the rising problems encountered in regards to drug misuse the Government passed the Misuse of Drugs Act (MDA). The act created three main classes labelled A, B, and C. Controlled substances that fall under class A (i.e. cocaine, heroin, MDMA) are deemed to be the most harmful to the users and others and carry strict penalties for possession (Up to 7 years in prison, an unlimited fine or both) and intent to supply (Up to life in prison, an unlimited fine or both) (MDA, 1971). Controlled substances in class B (i.e.
For example, the organization must airlift completed parts to customers to shorten delivery times in the face of production delays. This method is significantly expensive compared to routine shipment methods. Another issue that bedevils the organization is low employee motivation and engagement. Employees are generally lethargic and unenthusiastic about their work. They do not work autonomously without pressure and supervision of managers (Beer & Collins, 2008).
Codependency and Substance Use When it comes to substance abuse, codependency refers to the obvious and harmful emotional participation of a person in the life of an addict (Drug Addiction Treatment, 2010). These people tend to ignore, deny, justify, and empower the addict. Codependents often feel responsible for the addict’s actions, feelings, thoughts, well-being, lack of well-being, and even their fate. Because of this, the codependent usually feels anxiety, pity, and/or guilt for the substance
When we speak of the cycle of addiction, we are addressing issues like why addicts have so much difficulty kicking the habit. A big part of these issues is withdrawal symptoms. When it comes to a drug like meth or methamphetamine, we are dealing in the realm of quite serious street drugs. The more serious the drug, the more harsh the withdrawal symptoms tend to be. That's certainly the case with meth withdrawal symptoms.
Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD), also known as Social Phobia, is the phobia of interacting with others which bring on self-consciousness and feelings that they are being negatively judged by other people. This leads to avoidance of social situations, feelings of inadequacy, inferiority, embarrassment, humiliation and depression (Thomas A. Richards, n.d.). Physical symptoms include elevated heartbeat, excessive sweating, trembling and inability to concentrate (Stein & Stein, 2008). The disorder is highly complex and can be very restricting to the sufferer. There are seven diagnostic criteria (from the current DSM-5) for diagnosing people with the disorder; “A.
Cannabis is one of the most frequent drug of abuse among adolescents. The main active chemical in marijuana is tetrahydrocannabinol, otherwise known as THC. Aside from also containing over 400 other chemicals, the strength of the drug and its effect is measured by the amount of THC contained in the psychoactive drug. Frequent users can describe the use of cannabis as a “mild euphoric feeling” and “sense of wellbeing.” However, in some individuals, frequent use can cause consequences and in fact, have a reverse experience with cannabis that may lead users to develop psychotic symptoms. The notion of developing psychotic symptoms, is what persuades many to believe that cannabis may play a factor in increasing the risk of developing schizophrenia - due to its effects of an individuals mental state when the drug is presented in their system.