In Kashmir Valley of India the present tertiary health care center where the research was conducted is the only health care centre. The pattern followed in this state is a three tier health care system as at many other places (1). It was observed that 350 patients attended referral clinics every day and so a sample size 15 patients were studied over a period of one year; as there is a situation of over burdening of this 750 bedded hospital so that the authorities could plan some strategies to develop a proper referral system. Shin-ichi Toyabeetal while studying the pattern of referral of patients from secondary care hospitals to a tertiary care university hospital revealed that 61.2% of the patients were directly admitted to the hospital without referral from other hospitals or clinics. These results suggest that the function of university hospital in Japan is not specialized and that the referral route from the university hospital to aftercare is also unequipped
Psychosocial Treatments for Alcohol Dependence Syndrome A variety of psychosocial treatments have been used in the treatment of alcohol use disorders along with pharmacological treatment and their efficacy has also been reviewed (Miller & Wilbourne 2002; Holder et al., 1991, McKay & Maisto 1993). The most widely used empirically supported psychosocial approaches are brief interventions, motivational interviewing and cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), including coping skills training, relapse prevention and behavioural couple’s therapy (Miller and Wilbourne, 2002; Carroll and Onken, 2005). In this section we explore the various interventions available for persons with AUDs. Brief interventions Brief interventions are the first level of treatment
As a citizen, we need to help our future generation so that they can avoid from the ‘smokers’ tittle. In the meantime, we can produce healthy generation for our country. To make that a reality, we should know about the side effects of cigarette, the role and the ways to stop from this bad habit. Smoke that produce from cigarette is one of the killer factor that famous among citizen. Cigarette smoke contain over 4000 chemical including 43 know cancer-equising
In recent years there has been a debate on whether or not to legalize marijuana for medical use. People fear that it might be abused by others claiming to need it while those that truly need it, get put on the sidelines. Marijuana can be a hot topic, but with research people can come to understand why it should be legalized for medical use. For example, Amy and Lou Weiss are new marijuana entrepreneurs and they believe that their business can help those in pain. In their article called, “We Got into Medical Marijuana to Help People, Now We’re Under Siege”, in the Washington Post they prompt the idea that medical marijuana is needed to help ease pain, but major flaws such as logical fallacies can make it harder for the reader to comprehend their argument.
Each year, over 30,000 people die from lung cancer, particularly those who’re aged 65 or over. Only 6% of lung cancer patients can survive up to 5 years or more after diagnosis. Approximately two-thirds of males are diagnosed with the increased rates of lung cancer. Smoking is the greatest risk factor for lung cancer as it accounts for approximately 94% of the cases. Prostate cancer Worldwide, prostate cancer is the second most common cancer and the sixth most common cause of cancer death in males, after lung cancer.
Well, at $200/per day, you would spend $73,000 for a full one-year stay in a nursing home. At three years, your nursing-home costs would be well over $200,000. Don't rely on Medicare, which only helps out for the first 100 days: if you have reached the normal retirement age, Medicare will pay the first 20 days at no cost to you. For the next 80 days, you pay up to $109.50 per day, and Medicare pays the remainder of the bill. But if your stay exceeds 100 days, you're stuck with the
FINDINGS Respondents Socio demographic characteristics A total of 240 questionnaires were distributed to nurses and junior doctors in 10 Medical wards in three month period. The returns rate is 79.5% (n=191). Respondents’ mean age is 30.27 (SD±5.019). Nurses and junior doctors were between 22 years old to 50 years old. Table 1: Respondents’ Socio demographic distribution Majority of the respondents are nurses (75.9%; n=145), Diploma holders (73.8%; n=141) while the rest are (26.2%; n=50) Degree holders.
For instance, there are currently 45 million U.S residents who don’t have the luxury of healthcare and must fend for themselves. If medical professionals can concentrate on healing the patient rather than on insurance procedures and malpractice liability, they will be more comfortable doing operations and less people would die in hospitals, this is just another one of many reasons to have a universal system. (Messerli). Healthcare also saves lives everyday. “According to a 2009 study from Harvard researchers, "lack of health insurance is associated with as many as 44,789 deaths per year," which translates into a 40% increased risk of death among the uninsured.
In 2000, more than half of all abortions were a result of sex selection. If couples decided to have a male baby and the result of their pregnancy was a female baby, they would immediately abandon the pregnancy. It is projected that 8 million women (in average) experience abortion every year in China. Compared with other developed country, the abortion rate in China is going beyond 29.3 percent higher than the others. In the population aged 20-29 year old, the abortions rate is above 60 percent.
Approximately 100,000 heart valve replacements are performed each year in the U.S. It is estimated that patients requiring heart valve replacements will be tripled from 290,000 in 2003 to 850,000 by 2050 (Yacoub and Takkenberg 2005). It is estimated that 5 million patients in India are suffering from heart valve disease and every year 50, 000 new patients are diagnosed with heart valve disease. Heart valves may become impaired either due to tightening of the valve preventing forward flow of blood which is called stenosis or insufficiency in which the valve does not close properly and allows back flow of blood. When heart valves are severely malformed surgical replacement of the defective valve is necessary.