When it comes to mental effects from using marijuana, there are short term effects and long-term effects. As for short-term effects, there are changes in mood, impaired body movement, difficulty with thinking and problem-solving, impaired memory, and when taken in high dosages the effects are hallucinations, delusions, and psychosis (Abuse). In the long run for long term effects of marijuana use, marijuana can affect brain development. According to the drug Abuse website, “a study from New Zealand conducted in part by researchers at Duke University showed that people who started smoking marijuana heavily in their teens and had an ongoing marijuana use disorder lost an average of 8 IQ points between ages 13 and 38. The lost mental abilities didn 't fully return in those who quit marijuana as adults.
The effects of addiction on health can be devastating. Once addiction develops, the brain changes interfere with an individual’s ability to make voluntary decisions, leading to compulsive drug craving, seeking and use. 6 Drug abuse can suppress the body’s immune system and is related to risky behaviours, involving the sharing of contaminated syringe, needle or injection paraphernalia and unprotected sex. The combination greatly increases the likelihood of acquiring HIV, hepatitis and many other infectious diseases. 6 Drugs that lead to these diseases are heroin, cocaine and methamphetamine.
It contains THC which is the ingredient in the drug that makes you feel ‘high’. Effects caused by marijuana consist of: anxiety, moodiness, depression, paranoia, memory loss (short term), an increase in heart rate, dilated pupils, an increase in appetite and also it causes a slower reaction time for users. Although not all users get addicted to marijuana, studies have shown that almost 10% of users do get addicted. It often leads to users going on and using other more addictive drugs. So the question is, why would a drug with all these negative side effects be used as a pharmaceutical drug?
However what makes nicotine addictive is when it released to parts of the brain that produce pleasure. Scientists have recently discovered that nicotine raises the level of a neurotransmitter called dopamine, which is a part of the brain that produces pleasure. Another problem with nicotine getting inside the body is the fact that is actually a chemical and it is used as a bug repellent or eliminator. While smoking is not healthy, it also wastes money. A pack of cigarettes averages at the price of $5.50 and the price keeps rising.
First of all, the active ingredient in marijuana is tetrahydrocannabinol which is known as THC. THC acts on cannabinoid receptors on nerve cells and then influences the activity of those cells. The cannabinoid receptors are part of the brain that influences pleasure, memory, thought, concentration, sensory and coordinated movement (Buddy, 2011). Marijuana causes health risks in the heart and lungs. Within the first few minutes of smoking marijuana, the heart begins to beat up to 20 to 50 beats faster a minute.
Passive smokers are more dangerous than active smokers. Even the danger of passive smokers from the hazards of threefold active smoker. Dr Budhi Antariksa, Pulmonary Specialist from the Royal Taruma Hospital, said, as many as 25 percent of the hazardous substances contained in cigarettes goes into the body of the smoker, while 75 percent are circulating in the air that are at risk of getting into the body of people around
Stakeholders that are directly affected need to be educated about the negative consequences related to the use of medical marijuana. The marijuana plant is composed of more than 400 chemicals which can pose serious side effects on one’s health. Also, it has a chemical that alters the mind of the ones that consume it. This chemical is known as delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and can produce euphoria, panic attacks, anxiety, and depression. When marijuana is smoked all those chemicals are transported rapidly from the lungs into the circulatory system.
Cocaine can be used as a local anesthetic for some eye, ear, and throat surgeries (“Drug Abuse”). The immediate medical bodily effects are increased blood pressure, increased heart rate, insomnia, and loss of appetite. It can cause sudden cardiac arrest, convulsions, strokes, and even death (Drug Enforcement Administration). In a study lead by researcher David Nutt, scientists calculated the variables surrounding the harm a drug causes to the individual, and the harm that a drug causes to society. The calculated individual harm of cocaine is twenty and for crack the harm is thirty-eight out of a one hundred scales.
They say that they are healthier for you and help you quit. However, studies have shown that this is not true. Vapingdail.com states, do not be fooled, e-cigarettes are not healthy. E- cigs still contain nicotine, which can give you heart or lung disease. Nicotine is an addictive chemical, in the end you will be hooked on smoking e-cigarettes.