Strain theory however takes a completely different approach and examines the social strain as humanities punishment. Work within the structure society has product or become members of a deviant subculture to achieve the same goals, just through alternative means. Strain theory was designed to explain why U.S.A had a large influx in gangs. Therefore, examples of crimes under strain would be selling or associating with illegal substances or becoming involved in illegal activities such as theft. Strain theory clearly explains that “people turn to deviance in the pursuit of widely accepted widely accepted social values and goals”, Robert K. Merton.
Name: Title: Institution: Labeling Theory This research puts into consideration the labelling theory as an illustrative model for the hypothesis of criminal law-disregarding conduct. The study presumes that for that infringement of the criminal law that have customarily involved the community and the crime victims. There are various research journal articles backing the labelling theory based on the analytical details that have been labeled and comparative of the fundamentals of the theory. Labelling hypothesis concentrates on the authority response to crime and makes a nonsensical contention in regards to the reasons for committing a crime. The theory connects deviance to the response of the individuals.
This theory supports the situational crime prevention theory that crime is a choice and can be deterred through the removal of suitable targets or guardianship. Guardianship can be a security guard, a fence, a password or any other person or item that makes a target unsuitable due to increased chances of being caught or the offense too difficult. Routine activity theory is one of the more popular and accepted theories of
Forensic dna has bad unfair effects on society, that falls into social justice, framing innocent people. Dna forensics can help solve crimes and put unlawful people and criminals to jail, but can also be used to frame people/mistake dna into incriminating innocent people. Forensic dna is a science that uses genetic material in criminal investigation/crime scenes to help solve and profile crime scenes. Scientist can use a single strand of hair, fingerprint, or nail to solve who was at the scene. DNA can be used as evidence to charge and imprison people.
The criminal activities theory talks about crime events (Criminal Justice, n.d.) It looks at why some people commit crimes and what are the motivations to commit the crimes. This theory suggests that the daily routine of society could cause or create the opportunity for a crime. All you need is a likely offender, a target, and the absence of a guardian to create an opportunity for a crime. Suggestions made to reduce crime from this theory try to alter the routines and limit opportunities to prevent crimes. Another theory related to criminal activity would be the social control theory.
Violent crimes are violations of the criminal law that requires violence against one person to another, which the extent of minor to major impact on society of criminal jurisprudence that has shifted from the past to today. There are two differences in the violence and crime. Crime can be any type of rape and homicide, but in fact where does the sense of violence come from as today. In the past nothing wasn’t homicide or violence, it was all about the different laws in different groups that were created and to be punished in the way of hate, the sense of integration or separation in the past. Today crime is in any type of way, but as a law enforcement, what makes a violent crime.
Criminal theory: Lifestyle theory This theory implies that people are focused on in view of their way of life decisions and that these way of life decisions open them to criminal guilty parties and circumstances in which wrongdoings might be carried out (Jennifer Truman, 2014). Victimization risk is increased by behaviours such as associating with young men, going out in public places like club or pub at night, and living in an urban area (Michael R. Gottfredson and James Garofalo, 1978). Lifestyle theory is a theory of victimization that acknowledges that not everyone has the same lifestyle and that some lifestyles expose people to more risks than do other lifestyles (Jensen & Brownfield, 1986). Crime: Sexual Assault Illegal sexual contact
The theory of criminal justice This theory states that criminal procedures are part and branch of philosophy that focuses on punish those who break the law. There is a strong correlation between criminal procedures and the philosophy of law as well as the morals and ethical standards of society. Criminal law theorists put more emphases on offenses that can be seen as illegal and that warrant criminalization of the activities or events. Thus, most of these theorists believe that there is the need to punish the lawbreakers to set an example to other individuals who may have intentions of following their suit or engaging in legal activities. Some of the activities classified by criminal law theorist as a crime or illegal include murder, rape and
He focused on the cultural idea of the "American Dream", and thought that was the motivation for most people and if people couldn't obtain what they wanted, the strain would cause them to commit crime. "Our primary aim lies in discovering how some social structures exert a definite pressure upon certain persons in the society to engage in nonconformist rather than conformist conduct" (Reading 10, 1938). Merton thought that society had a shared dream yet had different opportunities allowing for crime if the strain was too much. The difference between Agnew's general strain theory and Merton's strain theory is that Agnew added more sources of strain such as losing a loved one and didn't believe that finical success was the only
One of these people were Robert Agnew who thought that strain theory could be very important in explaining crime and deviance that happens but that it needed to be in a different context so that it was not tied to social class or cultural variables, but have it focus more on norms according to society. “In sum, we would expect certain strains to affect crime in all or most societies, while the effect of other strains may differ across societies. A general strain theory that explains differences in criminal offending will systematically list all of those strains that function as “extreme stressors,” as well as those societal factors that affect the magnitude of given strains, the interpretation of such strains (e.g., their perceived magnitude and injustice), and the likelihood of criminal coping”(Sigfusdottir & Kristjansson , 2012).The general strain theory have 3 categories of strains according to Agnew which are the inability to achieve positively valued goals ,the removal or the threat to remove positively valued stimuli and to present a threat to one with noxious or negatively valued stimuli.The inability to achieve positively valued goals are difference between the expectation influenced by factors such as social class