As the bourgeoisie developed in society the proletariat did too. So, it is the proletarians who are expected to eventually destroy the bourgeoisie. Proletarians base their living off of the way they live. As long as they can find some kind of work and their labor increases capital. The proletarians live a different lifestyle and they can be vulnerable to everything going on in society and because of the new developments and divisions of labor, proletarians wage decreases.
According to Marx, under capitalism the workers were isolated for four different reasons:- • The workers are labourers who do not own the means of production or the products they create which is why they are isolated from the product. • Under capitalism, the creativity of the workers is completely destroyed. They act as mere a machine which is why they are isolated from the production process. • In a capitalist society, the workers lose their ability to create and appreciate items of nature. All their senses are dulled or remain undeveloped because of the intense working conditions.
This research paper deals with the mental disorders and social setup of bourgeois society and explores the theme of the alienation in H.G.Wells 's The Invisible Man. Alienation is a momentous theme of modern age, which shows the frustration of society and individual 's spiritual and personal interest. In order to define the complex process of the term, Karl Marx and Hegel have described the causes and significance of the Alienation. According to Marx, Alienated man is an abstraction because he has lost his contact with all human beings. Man suffers from a very pathetic condition due to his failures in society.
It is not the satisfaction of a need, but only a means for satisfying other needs”. Workers always remain in a state of oppression where they can hardly find any happiness or fulfillment. After all, workers are even alienated from their true nature and not able to enjoy their lives. For Marx, the division of labor and conflicts between two social classes are crucial problems of modern society. For Durkheim, the essential elements of modern society are conflicting Marx’s in many ways.
Citizens who married for love, and came from poverty were mostly those who suffered. They had filthy clothes, dirty faces and so called “lower class” accents. The industrial revolution caused, as mentioned earlier, great changes between the classes there were and made extreme differences between people`s behaviour, clothing and jobs just to mention a few. The scene in the film where David will be abandoned from his stepfather after his mum and baby brother died and being sent to work in a factory, shows the best example of how the industrial revolution influenced people`s behaviour. The way the leader in the factory talks to David shows the lack of trust and belief in poor people which developed during the industrialization.
(Chinoy, 1961) Education does not allow students from working class backgrounds the same opportunities as their counterparts from higher classes, they are socialised to become obedient workers. (Anyon, 2011) Marx maintain that political power came from economic power, those who have political power have great influence and control over education and what subjects are taught and how, education system is build on society superstructure. (Chinoy, 1961) Marx (1845) maintained that “the class which is the dominant material force in society is at the same time its dominant intellectual force”. (Marx, 1964) Therefore the working classes lack the power to influence education, resulting in the education system creating and maintaining the status quo of society and social class. This is done by keeping the lower classes oppressed so as to create docile and obedient workforce.
There was no proper organizational chart that can maintain a proper chain of command • Lack of Job Description and Specification There was no properly defined job description and job specifications due to which there was either misunderstanding of jobs to be performed or either many important positions were left empty in the organization. Moreover, larger number of jobs were handled by a single employee hence it was difficult to distribute rewards. • Cultural
Marx thought that social stratification is created by the unequal access to the productive properties. The capitalist or also called the bourgeoisie, exploit their workers by only paying them as much as necessary to scratch a living. The workers are not aware of their invidious position as they take the ideologies, norms and values which the capitalists promotes, for granted. Marx predicted a revolution of the workers. He believed that the proletariat will become aware of its misery and will unite to overthrow the capitalists and capitalism.
As a manager at Midvale, Taylor was appalled at Industry’s unsystematic practices. He observe little, if any, cooperation between the managers and the laborers. Inefficiency and waste were rampant. Output restriction among groups of workers, which Taylor called “systematic soldiering” was widespread. Ill-equipped and inadequately trained workers were typically left on their own to determine how to do their jobs.