Social And Economic Problems In The Coconut Industry

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The Coconut Industry

At present, the coconut industry is beset with many problems that affect the productivity of coconut farmers as they remain poor having miserably low income and insufficiency of basic needs. These problems may vary from poor farm management practices, natural calamities, pests and diseases, land tenure system, social and economic costs and damages. According to Philippine Statistics Authority (2015), around 60 percent of the farmers and workers under this industry live below the poverty line.
Moreover, Mercado (2015) evaluated the coconut production in seven municipalities such as Tandag, Carrascal, Carmer, Madrid, Lanuza, Cantilan, and Cortes of the northern part of Surigao del Sur, Philippines. In this study, coconut oil mill was established in order to reduce the impact of poverty on the income and productivity of the coconut farmers. The results revealed that most of the farmers’ information in coconut production was inherited from their families. The socio-economic factors like tenure status, farm size, and farm income were identified. The average of 1 to 2 hectares accumulated the highest percentage in terms of farm size. It can be found that 81 percent of the respondents sell their harvest (copra) to the local buyers. This result was supported by the study of Deomampo and Pisigan (2012). They stated that the local vendors were the most used channel by the coconut farmers for selling their crop.
The conclusions were formulated to summarize the

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