The Industrial Revolution witnessed the evolution of large urban centers, such as Boston and New York City. It changed society from agrarian to mechanical, which further moved jobs to larger cities. As every coin has two sides, there are negative sides to this. Primarily, it caused severe pollution. The environment condition was bad with smokes surrounding them.
But along with this there are ancillary developments as well that changed the economic map of the world. Both production and consumption levels increased with the shift to an industrialized society, but it also resulted in grim employment and living conditions for the poor and working classes. Around 1764, an Englishman called James Hargreaves invented the spinning jenny,
The Industrial Revolution was a significant time period in the shaping of today's society. Between 176 to 184, Britain industrialised by the introduction of mechanical production and manufacturing methods. As this process changed society during this period there were many positive and negative impacts, this had a major change in the lifestyle of many individuals living in Britain. Negative impacts included the pollution that had covered cities and contaminated waterways, the treatment of children in factories and the overall working condition in these factories. The happiness of people who found employment was very low and thus there were many unions started to defends the rights of workers.There were a number of positive influences as a result
While industrialization brought about an increased volume and variety of manufactured items and an improved standard of living for some, it also resulted in often bad employment and living conditions for the poor. Education was poor, the rich had private tutors. There were of course schools and several universities. They were basically for the rich. The industrial Revolution brought changes in the world.
Before reforms were made to fix factory conditions, wages, and hours, workers “acquired a dangerous spirit of discontent with the Government [and] protest against the triumphs of machinery” (Doc 4). However, this account was written by a dramatist in 1830, so they may be biased in how dramatic their account was of the situation. According to a visitor to Manchester in 1835, everything within the city was filthy and the overall vibe of the city is “somber and uncouth” (Doc 5). Less than twenty years later, in 1852, Manchester’s “energetic exertions and enterprising spirit… is mainly indebted to its elevation as a seat of commerce and manufacture…” (Doc 9), making it one of the most distinguishable cities in the world. By 1868, however, Manchester not only implemented reforms in order to stop people from dying from a young age, but built public parks, baths, and libraries for the people to live healthier, fulfilled lives.
As the industrial revolution gradually took over England, machinery replaced some jobs which were carried out at one’s home. One of the greatest replacements was the production of wool and cotton, previously made in small businesses, was now created in mills. These mills mass-produced cotton and wool and many people benefited from this change, yet the mills had an incredibly bad reputation. As displayed in William Blake’s poem, the mills were described as ‘Satanic’, meaning extremely bad. He based his accusation of how unsanitary the mills were, how dangerous they were and how smelly and humid they were.
Britain began the revolution first, it then quickly spread to some of Europe, the U.S, the remaining parts of Europe, and then slowly to the “Asian Tigers” (Cite WCP). The new technology caused an uproar in production and soon bettered working conditions and pay. The machines did cause several workers to lose their jobs, for the machines could produce twice as much produce in half as much time as humans. Multiple people such as Newcomen, the Lombe brothers, Kay, Hargreaves, Arkwright, Crompton, and numerously more inventors contributed to the Revolution by inventing, regulating, and making and changing rules. The inventions brought about new ideas and people began to make communities to better the world; however, not all of the communities had the right ideas.
Unfortunately, this is one of the worst results of the industrial revolution, but also a good turning point in history. Company owners needed to find employees to work for them for cheap and with hard working skills. The factory owners did not provide safe environments for their workers and often overworked them to the point of utter exhaustion (History.com). "The overworking does not apply to children only; the adults are also overworked. The increased speed given to machinery within the last thirty years, has, in very many instances, doubled the labour of both" states the author John Fielden, in his book called "The Curse of the Factory System."
As rural citizens were forced to move out of the country to the cities where factory and mining jobs were being advertised, the large powerful businesses knew that the best way to make money in the millions was through cheap manufacturing. This resulted in all the employees being paid ridiculously low wages and some no wage at all. Parents on these extremely low wages couldn’t afford to feed their usually many children, so children were forced into labour. They would mostly work hard, dirty and dangerous jobs in the mines and factories that no-one else wanted to do. They much too often had devastating effects on the children such as diseases, infections resulting in amputated limbs and death.
Although there might be some evidence that Capitalism helped improve the lives of the British people from 1760-1880, it mostly caused them hardship and pain. During the industrial revolution, the idea of capitalism began to expand across Britain and several job opportunities became available for the working class. They saw this an opportunity for a better life, higher wages, a better system than what they had working at the farms. What they did not realize was that this system alongside the industrial revolution brought child labor in factories, bad working conditions, and creativity-killing jobs which only made life worse for the British people. During the industrial revolution, factories were being built which meant that the job opportunities
During the years 1880-1920 there were many issues because of urbanization and industrialization. The industrial revolution brought many new job opportunities with low wages making companies focus on women and children. These opportunities were available but at a cost, they were paid less and they were forced to work up to ten hours. The industrial giants made labor a tough and unfair lifestyle. They wanted more riches, but they were making people suffer in order to obtain the money.
Transportation- A big portion of railroads and industrial supplies were destroyed over the course of the war. The south had begun rebuilding transportation by the nineteenth century. West: Political- Because of the trouble between white settlers and immigrants at that time there were numerous outbreaks of violence and laws aimed towards discrimination. Social- Chinese immigrants who migrated to the west would work for wages considerably less than normal and them doing so caused tension between white settlers. Economic or type of economy- The west relied more on agriculture than any other place because it was the most efficient.
Between 1865 and 1900, immigration, government action, and technology impacted the social, cultural, and economic realms of the American Industrial worker. Immigration increased greatly to America because the industry was booming, and news of this new, industrial America was spreading throughout Europe. The government took actions to help the average industrial worker, such as the Chinese Exclusion Act, the Interstate Commerce Act, and the Hatch Act. Technology affected the industrial worker through inventions, reinvented landscapes, and convenience. Immigration largely affect the American industrial workers in many ways.
The Industrial revolution was a time of great change for the world. It was a time where we started replacing homemade products for machine made products. We exchanged quality for quantity and the first time we saw mass production. Along with these changes, also came a change in working conditions and workers. The Industrial Revolution brought on a time where working conditions were miserable, hours were unthinkable, and the ages of children were unreal.
After the Civil War, the nation went through some significant changes in terms of social-economic events. Industrialization changed the country and made it one of the greatest industrialized nation in the world. However, it came with a price; the industrialization relied upon poverty and immigration for its success. The effect of industrialization changed the course of our nation. It also changed the lives of people, but at a significant price.