Social Categorisation, Social Identification And Social Identity

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Mohammad Izuan Bin Tumari Social Identity Theory suggests that there are three cognitive processes involved in evaluating a person being part of an 'in-group ' or 'out-group ' (Tajfel and Turner, 1979). A more common term would be 'us ' or 'them '. This is based on the notion that a community is hierarchically structured into different social groups that stand in power and status to each other, with resources, prestige and power being the oft-cause of the competition. Such group membership being, depending on certain situations, possibly associable with the appearance of prejudice and discrimination related to such perceived group membership (Unisim, 2013). The three mental processes are namely; Social Categorisation, Social Identification and Social Comparison. Social Categorisation We tend to classify objects into groups in order to understand and identify them. Along the same line we put the people around us including ourselves into groups in order to comprehend our social world. We utilise social classifications like male, female, Hindu, Christian, local, foreigner and taxi driver because they are useful. By allocating people into different categories we are garner information about these people. As seen in the example of the taxi driver, we as a society could not function in a normal manner in the absence of these categories; i.e in the context of the taxi. In addition by attesting to the categories we belong to, we bring to light certain things about

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