Social Change In India

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Social change refers to an alteration in social order of a society. Social change includes changes in social institutions, social behavior or relations. Social change may refer to the notion of social progress/socio-cultural evolution, i.e, the rational idea that society moves forward by dialectical or evolutionary means. It can be a change in the socio-economic structure, social revolution etc. Social change maybe determined by cultural, religious, economic, scientific or technological forces. There are, many theories of social change, like the Hegelian, Marxist, Kuhnian, Heraclitan and Daoist. But the study of social change in view of the nebulous nature of its theory is a difficult task, and is more tricky in the case of a society like India…show more content…
They welcomed rationality and other good features of liberal and humanitarian ideas and thoughts. Vedas have been conceived through intellectual contemplation and empirical observation and used upanishads for the creation of human imagination. Reformers and their organizations had purely an economic and social plunge. They aimed to establishing a social order based on vedic teachings and practices. They criticised the rituals and superstitions created by same selfish people to tangle the ignorant and poor people. They gave importance on understanding vedas in a rational and scientific way. It reduced and removed the gap between the ritual and secular rankings. It also helped uplift the weaker people. The lower caste group which successfully got into the seat of secular power also tried to avail the serices of Brahmins, especially at the time of observing rituals, worshipping and offering things to the mighty…show more content…
According to Srinivas westernization is: “the changes brought about in Indian society as a result of over 150 years of British rule, the term subsuming changes occuring at different levels, technology, institutions, philosophy, beliefs and values.” By summarizing Srinivas’ definition, Yogendra Singh states:” emphasis on humanitarianism and rationalism is a part of westernization which led to a series of institutional and social reforms in India.” Establishment of logical, scientific, technological and educational institutions, rise of nationalism, new political culture and leadership in the country are all by-products of westernization. In this connection, Srinivas explains his preference for the term westernization to modernization, the more popular term for the changes brought about in a non-western country. Srinivas states that modernization involves the rationalization of ends. PROCESS OF WESTERNIZATION The process of westernization of caste-system in India began with the frantic efforts of missionaries to convert as many Indians as possible to christianity and coming of East India Company in India, first to trade and laster to increase its political power. East India Company successfully established ‘British Imperial Rule’ in India by 1958. British rule produced radical and lasting changes in the Indian society and culture. The British brought with them new technological

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