Social Change In Nigeria Literature Review

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CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
2.1 INTRODUCTION
Change is the 0nly permanent thing in 1ife and it is ubiquitous in any society, particularly in a society with a strong desire to fulfil human needs. Social change is a product of a true, patriotic and committed leadership. Dike (2008) opines that Nigeria 's short life has been packed with successions of changes which cut across the different strata of the nation. There has been the shift from regions to states, farms to cities, agriculture to petroleum and now, political power has shifted from the north to the south west, to south and in recent times back to north. The irony however is that these changes have not been for the benefit of the common man. The changes recorded in the Nigerian society since independence cut across the different sectors of the national life such as politics, economy, education etc.

2.2 BUHARI’S CONCEPTION OF CHANGE Nigerians all the world on Friday 29
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Corruption is rampant; it has become embedded in the fabric of society. Since the country 's transition to democracy in 1999, there have been attempts to fight corruption with several reforms undertaken and institutions created. They include the establishment of anti-corruption agencies such as the Economic and Financial Crime Commission, Independent Corruption and other Practices Commission, and the National Financial Intelligence Unit. Reforms include public service reform, monetization to reduce waste and personnel, and reform of public procurement. Nevertheless, it is disturbing to note that the prevailing state of corrupt practices in Nigeria suggests that corruption itself is more institutionalised than the anti-graft agencies established to curb it. Corruption has continued to grow unabated in the face of high impunity, with previous governments making no attempt to prosecute perpetrators of

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