Social Change Model Of Leadership Development

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3 Case Study
3.1 Conceptual Framework
3.1.1 A Social Change Model of Leadership Development
The social change model of leadership development(Helen & Alexander, 1996, p. 03) summarizes the whole leadership development process across the individual, group and social levels. It implies seven core values required in each level so as to attain the goal of changing the society positively. The values in three levels influence each other and the process is indicated in the following figure (Helen & Alexander, 1996).

Figure 4. The social change model of leadership development

Source: developed by (Helen & Alexander, 1996, p. 20) www.cmu.edu (21/02/2017)

3.1.2 Conceptual model: Multilevel sustainable management model
The multilevel sustainable
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Song stressed the importance of morality and sentiment for being a leader. A leader with good virtues can gain the admiration and trust from his or her subordinates. He believes that 4 virtues of “Ren”, “Yi”, “Zhi”, “Xin” in Confucianism remarkably have influenced his leadership style: firstly, Mr. Song viewed “Ren” (benevolence and love) as a spiritual aspiration which has encouraged himself to care about others. He believed a leader should help his or her subordinates, and the leader should cope with the problems with reasons rather than with personal judgement. In addition, Mr. Song regarded Yi as the standard of the human thoughts and behaviours. From a perspective of being a government official or governor, he believed the society should be administrated with virtues and morality. Specifically, Yi reflects the relationship between the individuals and collectivity. The individuals are encouraged to sacrifice themselves so as to guarantee the collective interests when there are conflicts between them. Moreover, Mr. Song also referred Zhi as a requirement of persistent learning for a leader so as to make him or her wise and even elite. In the last, according to Mr. Song, Xin stands for integrity, honesty, trust and loyalty, which expounds a relationship among individuals. For instance, if a person especially a leader of an organization lacks of honesty, he or she will be blamed by the community he or she belongs to. Since Mr. Song personally has…show more content…
Instead, morality should be included in management process. Since Mr. Song has integrated morality with regulation, he believed benevolence, rightness and integrity are able to boost the enthusiasms of the team members and make the atmosphere in the workplace harmonious. It is the advantage derived from his leadership style. For example, the integrity and rightness requires a leader sticking to what he or she has promised. Being practical, realistic as well as reasonable will produce a true friendship regardless hierarchy. As a result, his team members become active and loyal, and the cohesion of the organization is

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