Her novel commonly shares the ethical ways of the Victorian era. When the novel was first published, there was a ton of backlash on it considering the fact how vulgar and how cruel it was. One of the first reviews of the novel was, "the reader is shocked, disgusted, almost sickened by details of cruelty, inhumanity, and the most diabolical hate and vengeance, and anon come passages of powerful testimony to the supreme power of love-even over demons in the human form" ("The Brontës and Haworth" par 1). Before the novel was published, no one had published something as dramatic as the Brontë sisters writing. Their writing was accurate to their time period and only enraged people.
Mathew Lewis wrote The Monk a year after the publication of The Mysteries of Udolpho. Jane Austen’s Northanger Abbey is mainly inspired by Mrs. Radcliffe’s novels. The romantic poets as well had indebtedness to Radcliffe’s gothics. Her romantic attitude, landscape descriptions and gothic villain are found here and there in many works of the romantic poets. Keats called her “fine mother Radcliffe”.
In the same time, these literary works have differences, for the most part because the latter underlines the evolution in Jane’s writing style and ideas determined by satirical images of the high-class, and appoints a novel, typical for the mature stage of her career, while Pride and Prejudice is a model of her beginning as a writer. The first novel shapes the middle-class society (the Bennet family, their relatives, and neighbors), in an accurate way, especially because the author belonged to it; she spend her entire life in this social circle, and her continually encounters with its members provided her, those well painted details. Thus, Austen is perfectly aware of the desires and aspirations of the women and men in this class. Those people were craving to overcome their social status, they were in constant search of means which could endow them, and so they were capable of many things to achieve their purposes. Therefore, the main characters of this novel, the Bennet family, who were having five unmarried daughters, were struggling to assure their future, by marrying them in the upper-class: A single man of large fortune; four of five thousand a year.
Introduction Undoubtedly, two female authors Charlotte Brontë and Jean Rhys went down in history with their novels Jane Eyre and Wide Sargasso Sea which gained the hearts of people, especially women who might see themselves in the destinies of the two women depicted in the novels, and might be inspired, amazed, indignant or resentful by Jane’s unyieldingness, adherence to principles, braveness, desire for love and Antoinette’s energy, exotic nature, and madness. Doubtless, the novel of Charlotte Brontë Jane Eyre belongs to the most published and most read novels within the English literature. Among the very talented Brontë sisters, Charlotte excels the most, but it does not mean she would overshadow her sisters. Her novel Jane Eyre was published in 1847 and was greatly popular in the then times even since its first
Although tragic heroes are meant for the literary world, they can also be applied to reality. For example, Princess Diana(Diana Spencer), is a modern-day tragic hero. She was born Diana Spencer and soon became Lady Diana Spencer when her father inherited the title Earl Spencer. She later married to the British throne, had two children, divorced, started to date Dodi Fayed, then died in a car crash in a tunnel trying to get away from the paparazzi. Diana was born into one of Great Britain’s oldest and most important families-the Spencers-making her an elevated character from the start.
This novel, therefore, focuses on English middle-class women, specifically single women, who become subject to victimisation in the contemporary society. Both stories illustrate a great deal in how the traditional gender roles were subverted and especially towards the role of the female gender in the society during the industrial revolution period leading us to pose the question “To what extent are gender roles subverted in “North and South” and “Shirley?” In this case, by discussing subversion, I imply ‘undermine’, or ‘bring-down’ since its one of the common themes illustrated in the two novels. The word ‘subverted’ is suited for the topic of discussion as it clearly shows the meaning of what goes on in the two novels; that is, the female gender has been undermined, and they also overcome the stereotype (they subvert the stereotype). In North and South, Margaret comes out to subvert that notion, and bring about the idea of being
Jane Eyre, Christ and Robson notice in “The Victorian Age 1830-1901” in The Norton Anthology of English Literature, fits well to the description of a typical Victorian novel. The Bildungsroman – a novel about growing up – was a popular genre in the Victorian era. The Victorian novel typically involves a protagonist, male or female, on a journey for self-definition. The novel depicts the conflict between the social environment and personal aspirations: thus, it is most suitable form to portray women’s struggle for identity and autonomy in the Victorian social context of female oppression. (2006, p. 995).
The popularity of Shobha De 's novels is due to their contents, her mastery over the art of story telling and her use of the language. In fact, her novels seem to be the modern version of picaresque novels of the eighteenth century. The picaro in this case is a woman, but she, too, is avid of experiences, in search of which she goes from place to place. Shobha De began her career as a journalist in 1970 in the course of which she founded and edited three popular magazines - Stardust, Society and Celebrity and acted as Consulting Editor to Sunday and Megacity. It may be partly on account of her experience as a journalist that she is able to say things interestingly and with a courage of conviction in a language uniquely her own.
Virginia Woolf credited her with inventing ‘the psychological sentence of the feminist gender.’ Hilda Doolittle (1886-1961) more known as H. D., was the leading member of the Imagist movement. Her poems show a deep involvement with classical mythology, a sharp use of natural imagery, and interesting experiments with vers libre. Her first volume of poetry was Sea Garden (1916) and her last is the quasi-epic Helen in Egypt (1961). She published several novels including Bid Me to Live
Abstract : Indian writing in English has attained an independent status in the realm of Indian literature. Fictions by women writers constitute a major segment of the contemporary writing in Indian English. In the traditional post-colonial society, the question is of women’s emancipation and its women writers are more passionate and serious about it. Women’s effort to seek their independence and self-identity started a revolution all over the world. Anita Nair, is one such writer who portrays realistic female characters in her works.