“As we all know the Roman Empire, big empires go down if the borders are not well-protected”- (Mark Rutte). This quote was chosen because it says that even big empires go down if they are not well protected. One example of this was The Roman Empire, it was a big empire and was the most extensive political and social structured in western civilization, but since they weren´t well protected it fell. The Ancient Roman Army is different from the Roman´s Army nowadays. One example of this is the Roman Army, back then they weren’t allowed to marry while they were serving the army, and nowadays they are free to marry and free to have their own rights.
Their purpose was to terrorize the Helots into submission. How were the two city-states similar in their governmental structures? How did they differ? Similarities between Athen's and Sparta's Government structures: Both Athens and Sparta accepted free-man as their main participants in their government. Neither Athens or Sparta give women or slaves equal participation in their government and were not considered to be free.
The Roman Republic was one of the most respected and powerful civilization of the ancient world. When it came to the purposes of government the Romans did very well. When it came to providing public services, the Romans provided their citizens with many resources that helped them live their daily lives, and they did this while spending little to no money. One example of these resources is the aqueduct. Aqueducts were built to supply fresh water.
Although they were in a high class, the same could not be said about their wealth. “Caesar’s father was a moderate success and his mother came from plebeian stock.” ("Gaius Julius Caesar." ) As a result, they did not have as much political power in Rome.
They both excelled and revolutionized the social, political, and religious aspects of their empires. The Romans revolutionized the democratic system of government and ended up giving the lower class of people all the power in the society. Christianity became a big role in their system and the split between the Plebeians and the Patricians helped keep the system balanced to a point. In Han China the class system helped the empire run very smooth. The balance between the rulers and the lower class workers and the artisans helped make sure every task was accomplished and was done efficiently.
Athenian society consisted of citizens; foreigners, also called metics, and slaves. The division into these groups presupposed the different levels of personal freedom and civil rights. For instance, only Athenian citizens were allowed to vote, serve as officials and own land. Among other restrictions, metics had to pay an additional tax and were not allowed to apply to any state bodies without the mediation of citizens. The slaves were in a possession of their owner; however, the law limited owner’s power.
They are not even treated as a human. People who were a slave was people that who can’t pay the money back that they borrow or people who can’t pay the taxes. The government also can take people into slavery because there were no laws about the slaveries. Also, soldiers that have been captured during the war were sold as slaves. Slavery today does not change much, they have many different types of slaves which are labor slaves who do all those hard-working, sex slavery, forced marriage slaves who are forced to marry someone they don’t want, and child slavery.
Many people as they were Romanized without any doubt knew Latin as a second language, but they never lost their native languages. Latin served more as a universal language for peoples of the Empire. It was also the Language of government - anyone having anything to do with provincial administration would have spoken Latin well. The victory of the Roman Empire that makes it such a wonderment of History was its ability to unite so many different cultures under one rule for so long, not spreading their cultures everywhere in order to create universal one.
To many, monarchs were God 's form on earth. King James I of England said that "The state of monarchy is the supreme thing upon earth; for kings are not only God’s lieutenants on earth, and sit upon God’s throne, but even by God Himself they are called gods..." (Document 2). Like King James I, people believed monarchs were needed because they had power like God. Kings and Queens were essential and brought goodness to the land.
Carthage’s first conflict with Rome was due to the same kind of Government. Carthage has two magistrates called the Suffetes, and they were similar to Rome’s Consul. The council form of elders called the Hundred, that compared to Rome’s Senate. Their Assembly was called Comitia which was as much alike to the Romans, the only thing that separates their equivalent, was the way business was conducted in the government and economically (Morey, 1901). ROME AND CARTHAGE 3 ROME AND CARTHAGE Carthage real power was employed by the wealthy and prominent families and did not have a body of loyal citizens as Rome had.
Rome becomes a Republic in 510 B.C.E after overthrowing the Etruscans, and at the same time the Athenians were in a Revolution. Rich patricians ran the Senate and the courts, their votes counted more than the lower class. Both men and women were citizens, but only men could vote and the lower class were still able to participate in voting but counted less than the wealthy class. In 449 B.C.E., the government leaders made their laws into 12 great tablets, which were carved onto them. The Twelve Tables were their first laws put in writing, the laws guaranteed every citizen equal treatment under the law, but to some people in this time might seem bad or cruel.
As a slave wanted his freedom he was denied said freedom by the courts. The majority reason had no valid points, all it had was assumptions. As previously stated any existing human being should be considered apart of “We the People” and anyone who says otherwise does not know the definition of unconstitutional. Due to the fact that the Constitution only said “people” with no qualifiers; Which meant slaves were supposed to be included in the Constitution. So if you were to disagree your opinion would be unconstitutional.
However, the economic crises in 1837 collapsed the labor unions because of economic hard times, and with immigrants coming in surplus willing to work for cheap, regular people could not compete and thus had to work at the beckon of the factories. Labor unions worked when the economy was resilient, but when the economy was shocked, everyone was too afraid of demanding more when there were those willing to work for
The Ancient Romans The Roman people were the most successful ancient civilization. They were so successful because they conquered other ancient civilizations such as, Egypt, Greece, Britain, France, Spain, and many more. They also created the language Latin, which is like the umbrella for the Romance Languages such as, Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese, and Romanian.