Social Class Inequality Analysis

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Large difference of income and wealth remain in every society, combined with a range of other social class inequalities. In the contemporary society where modernity has taken place the contrast of luxury and extravagance lifestyle of rich, whereas poverty and hardship of poor do exist in the society. Poverty is essentially an aspect of social class inequality, affecting above all those from the working class, because other classes have savings, power and necessities of life. However, the process and history of development and change shows that the idea of development emerged during colonial era where there was the inequality and difference between European and non-European cultures. During colonialism, there was division of labor, social reorganization,…show more content…
The ruling class through process of false consciousness legitimizes social inequality and manipulates people to think in certain ways to legitimize exploitation. The unequal distribution of power and wealth cause poverty in one hand and increase standard of living and power on the other hand. The ruling class enforces their power through practicing their ideology in social institutions as well as rules and regulations, thus creating inequality. Poor experience inequality in every social institution and in the socialization process. Such as in Education, the achievement of student depends on the class. The middle class do better than the working class whereas pupil from disadvantaged background are more likely to leave school at age of 16 and less likely to start school being able to read, on average they achieve lower scores on SATs and GCSEs and are more likely to be placed in lower streams. Douglas, in his research “the home and the school” identifies the major external causes of working class underachievement as cultural and material deprivation. The working class people feel inferior as the school practices the middle class culture and language. Also, teachers are from middle class background thus middle class pupil better engage with…show more content…
As fellow human beings, in work organizations income should be given according to the job level one possess. Forms of economic democracy such as employee ownership, kaizen method, employee representation on board, monetary and nonmonetary rewards for employee, raise the motivation levels and reduces inequality. For development practitioners income difference can be reduced through making policies which provides equality. Income difference can be decreased via redistribution through taxes and benefits. In general, the top tax rates such as in USA where 80%in the 1970s, have been reduced dramatically and there is room for more progressive tax to be resorted. Taxation does not apply only to working class but the large companies should provide tax to the government. These are long lasting cultural changes which can be achieved through the above mention processes. There should be greater focus on structural factors that caused inequality and poverty such s discrimination, lack of representation and lack of appropriate social, fiscal and wage policies. Improve regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and enhance representation and voice of developing countries in decision making in global financial economic institutions so that they could suggest the best out of situations and reduce the
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