Success has become relative. When we initially do something that we believe is a success and the public deems it unspectacular, we no longer feel pride and instead feel that we are adequate. America’s social system is loosely based on a meritocracy, with its central idea being that if everyone is presented with the same opportunities to succeed, than everything is equal and fair. If we cannot succeed, it is only our own incompetence that we can
In a meritocratic world there is racial containment for the purpose of preserving the merit based rewards. Meritocracy takes away the microphone to those who are inherently not equal; leaving them to always be behind in a race that isn’t fair to them. To understand why meritocracy has been presumed a myth it’s important to understand meritocracy wouldn’t work out if there wasn’t
Education is a key element linked with one’s class in the system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy. Specifically, parents transmit the benefits or disadvantages of their class to their children through the educational system (Young, J, 1990. p.162). The type and level of education a child receives is normally associated with class, region, race and ethnicity, religion and gender. Quoting John Porter, Young, J. 1990, argues that “those who have most access to the greatest rewards of society are thus at the top of the stratification system…is composed of individual with …similar backgrounds” (Young, J 1990.p,.162).
Among them, the most serious problems associated with meritocracy would be inequality and elitism. This essay will address the individual issues and seek to find ways in which education can address these problems. Before jumping on the bandwagon of pointing out the negative effects of meritocracy, it is necessary to
The first one, titled, “hyper patrimonial society”(Piketty 247), highlights the generic method of wealth accumulation, usually dominated by unequal societies. The second method of wealth accumulation, which Piketty notes as, “hyper meritocratic society”, highlights the peak of income hierarchy dominated by a very high income of labor rather than inherited wealth. (Piketty 265). Ironically, Piketty, himself, criticizes the truly “ meritocratic” nation of such a society and extends to the idea of a world with super managers being more adequate. Such form of society, recently emerged in the US, is , according to Piketty, “the peak of the income hierarchy dominated by very high incomes from labor rather than by inherited wealth” ( Piketty 265).
In the United States of America, the capitalist system dominates our economy by fostering production, competition, and private ownership. Although capitalism appears to be effective, especially for large corporations and the ruling class, it can be a problematic and unfavorable system for many others. An economic stratification has always existed in the Modern Western European society. As countries aimed for nationalism, or unity among the people, divisions in economic class emerged. The working class of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries frequently endured long production hours, low wages, unemployment, and poverty.
The second main point discussed is how inequality plays a factor into the income gap in the United States. As Porter explains, we have accepted income inequality because we believe capitalism would not be able to work without it. I can now see how much influence capitalism has on this country in particular. A quote that I believe best explains this is “if
Case Study: Success in the Social Work In today’s society, people are obsessed with the notion of success and the ways to achieve mastery. Many people believe it is all based on luck and innate talent versus opportunity and practice. In this case study, I analyze how Malcolm Gladwell’s concepts in Outliers applies to being a successful professional member of the social work discourse community. In order to gain insight, I conducted an interview and job shadowing with Mr. John Davis from the University of Sacramento. I went on to find more information and evidence by reading an article, “Facilitating Dissertation Completion and Success Among Doctoral Students in Social Work” by Janet Liecty, Minili Liao, and Christine Schull.
The Functionalist Kingsley Davis and Wilbert Moore thesis on stratification arouses curiosity by seeing society working in a harmonious way, like an organism where each institution having a function to perform. The functionalists agreed that society should permit mobility between classes, ensuring that the most capable and skilled individuals are given the probability to excel. In essence, having these high rates of social inequality will allow individuals to feel increasing socially excluded, they may live in segregated neighbourhoods and feel politically disempowered, which potentially will create civil unrest or criminal activities. Removing barriers from education, health care and developing ways of allowing integration will create a better society. Individuals who fail to recognise these issues are those who are not affected by social inequality, the