Moreover, the middle-class did not like socialism and communism, making Fascism very compelling. The Treaty of Versailles forced Germany to pay for damages to France and Great Britain. Additionally, Germany’s economy collapsed as the Great Depression settled in. When Hitler declared World War II, the rich business owners would side with him because it would profit them the most. Despite withdrawing from the war early, Russia suffered severely due to
F. Scott Fitzgerald’s Great Gatsby offers up a social commentary on various aspects of the 1920s society such as injustice, betrayal and corruption of the American Dream. Of all the themes, the one that is the most developed is that of social stratification and inequality. One could say that he makes a distinction of groups to send a strong message about the moral character of each social strata. The social elite, that is divided into “Old Money” and “New Money” is represented as materialistic, superficial and morally corrupted. Fitzgerald’s purpose is mainly to portray the reality of his time that impurity and greed of individuals lead to the downfall of society.
In order to better understand the social inequality in the French revolution, it is required to understand the social construct of The French Empire before the revolution. A monarchy, the old empire are mainly classified into three estates, this being the clergy, the nobles, and the commoners. The clergy and the nobility both benefitted from various privileges, such as tax exemptions and exclusivity of political authority. The clergy are known to exploit the commoners such as asking for payment and they are infamous for living a scandalous life. Few historians would disagree that social problems are a cause of the French Revolution, it is widely known how the privileged were overthrown due to unhappiness among the citizens , however the fact that the social conditions had been similar for hundreds of
The Middle Ages was a time when slavery was taking hold, when religion was redefining its ideals, and when persecution against minorities took hold of nations large and small. Because the Middle Ages harvested so many ideas that separated the masses from the minorities, racism was able to cultivate into the injustices we see today. For
Anti-Catholic discrimination extended into the political arena. Unionists strengthened their grip on national and local government by manipulating its composition. Gerrymandering – the drawing of electoral boundaries to deliberately divide and reduce Catholic voting power – was common. Unionist legislation also rigged the franchise and excluded Catholics. At municipal level, the franchise (right to vote) was tied to property ownership.
Impact: When England 's King Henry VIII broke away from the Catholic church of Rome it lead to a period known as the Protestant Reformation. The consequences of the reformation were experienced both in England and abroad. The Reformation resulted in big changes to the religious, economic and cultural structure of European society. He changed religion in Europe from catholic to protestant.Henry 's desire for a divorce was not the only factor that motivated England 's split from the Catholic church. Many of the people of England had been dissatisfied with the Catholic church.
In order to compel the Allies to reduce Germany 's war reparations of the First World War, the German government vigorously cut in public spending. While in doing so, the consequences are a large number of unemployment and deflation. In the meantime, a large number of unemployment and deflation created conditions for the Nazis came to power. This is one of the most eminent financial crisis happened in the history of Germany in 1923. The disaster of hyperinflation was indirectly caused by the symbol of the end of the First World War, namely the Versailles Treaty.
Similar to Emilie Durkheim and Maurice Halbwachs, Harvey was interested in the tensions of the French society following the humiliating defeat of the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871). Throughout Harvey’s research, the author was interested not only in the political ramifications, but also looking at class conflict over the Basilica. Specifically, the division between the Communards (socialist radicals) located heavily in the Paris working class and the conservative royalist faction, the Cult of the Sacred Heart. The Cult of the Sacred Heart was a sect within the Catholic church advocating for repentance to Christ and mysticism (Harvey 1979, 364). Moreover, the Cult of the Sacred Heart was closely connected to the nobility of the Ancien Regime.
They attribute this dealignment to a number of underlying social changes: changes in the occupational structure, the decline in the size of the manual working class, social mobility, and growth of cross-class families—all of which are said to undermine the socio-economic cohesiveness of class. As a result of class fragmentation, issues have become a more important influence on how electors vote, and voters evaluate the political parties as self-interested individuals rather than on a collective or class basis. ((voting
The Gaelic League was founded by middle class intellectuals with the initial aim of establishing a national identity by arresting the Anglicisation of the Irish society. It was later colonised by a lower middle-class whose political aims became more narrow-minded than the broad intentions of the movements founders. They became concentrated on voicing repressed political ideas rather than focusing on cultural nationalism. In 1905 a Church of Ireland Bishop suggested the separation of the Gaelic League due to a fundamental shift towards Catholics and their clergy. He argued that the League 'began with inter-faith cultural intentions but has since escalated into a mass organisation dominated by Catholics.'
AP European History Chapter Breakdown: Chapter 11 Main overview: The Protestant reformation took place during a time of conflict between the new nation-states of Europe, which was caused by conformity within their areas. As Switzerland’s cantons, or subdivisions began dividing, civil wars began erupting. They were caused by the conflicts between the Catholic and Protestant churches. Five main points: The social and religious background of the Reformation. Martin Luther’s challenge to the church and the course of Reformation in Germany.