Agriculture consists largely of subsistence farming and animal husbandry. The country in the last two decades have moved on to become a more industrialized economy thorough large scale industrialization. The relative level of backwardness also stands true in lieu with the developmental decisions the country has chosen. The investing in heavy capital goods industries like hydro power projects and lesser manufacturing of consumer goods is also one of the features in such under developed countries. The developmental process of Bhutan is largely a capital goods oriented.
The private sector has been assigned a key role by the government under the national policy of agriculture which is envisaged through the promotion of contract farming and land leasing arrangements. This will accelerate the technology transfer process and thereby bring cash inflows to the cash strapped farm- sector which will ultimately create an assured market and high value added to the farm produce. Need for such a policy which creates a proper linkage between” farm and market”, has it genesis in the demand and supply disequilibrium that agriculture faces. Because of which farmers have to dump there produce for the want of buyers on the one hand and agro-based industries face difficulties in procuring quality inputs on the other. This paper is organised as follows.
The value chain is innovative and clearly shows the contribution of SolaGrow PLC as a source of input, and market chain for the product. It is also evident that the value added to Solagrwo contract farmers is better than the Sinan case. SolaGrow established strong relationships with the stakeholders of the potato chain up and down to the chain. It has good cooperation with research institutions and universities. The PLC works closely with individual farmers, farmers groups and cooperatives.
One of the major reasons is the vested economic interests of the industrialists. Most industrialists will benefit if status-quo is maintained and the dependence of agriculture on external inputs continues. Farmers also continue using them due to the greater yields without realising the long term harmful effects. Government subsidies also at times helps and perpetuates unsustainable practices. The pesticides and fertilizers are often made available to farmers at subsidised rates, encouraging them to use the
It promotes world peace as such countries try to maintain friendly relations among themselves. Guiding factor and reform measures the Government of India can leverage to further boost the international trade prospects of India’s agriculture sector. Increasing agricultural growth is critical not only for India to sustain highgrowth rates, but also to move millions out of poverty. Currently, 60% of thelabour force is employed in agriculture. Agriculture will have to contend with two other problems.
They do not only have an advantage for themselves, but both actors offer support to one another. KIT (2010) states that farmers support traders by selling their crops to traders, so the traders earn money. Of course, traders help farmers out as well by paying a good price for the farmers’ produce. Next to this, traders can also be used in an agricultural microfinance model developed by KSU-SDK, which uses a local trader to provide farming input loans and cash loans to farmers (Adam, 2005). A remarkable fact is that both actors do not only support each other, but traders also face similar problems as farmers: they have to negotiate with retailers, and deliver them high-quality products at competitive prices (MFC, 2011).
What is organic farming? Organic farming is a one of agricultural practices. Organic farming mention to ecologically-based production systems used to turn out foods (Treadwell et al., 2015). Organic farming is that promote and enhance biological diversity, retain soil fertility, avoid soil erosion, and reduce risk to human, animal health and natural resources (Treadwell et al., 2015). Moreover, there is no application of pesticides, fertilizers, genetically modified organisms, antibiotics and growth hormones are also defined organic farming (Martin, 2009).
Crop yield is important factor that can be managed in agricultural production because demand for crop production increases day by day for the present population. In agricultural field, production is affected by various problems of weather, environmental conditions, spatial variability of soil conditions etc. Some farmers cultivate crops without knowing this type ofproblem.These problems lead to affect the yield productionthereby causing the loss of money. For these reasons, before cultivating a crop the soil condition, weather condition of specified area should be considered and verified whether the crop can be suitable for specified area condition. In this paper, Agricultural related datasets are used to predict the crop yield in given area
It must ensure the greatest efficiency of man, fertilizers, irrigation and other inputs. A successful cropping pattern implies the most efficient use of arable land, consequent upon application of water resources, bio-chemical inputs and the like. In addition, it must offer the cultivators the possibility to maximize agricultural productivity per unit area per unit of time. But it has been seen over the years that the cropping pattern has witnessed a great change especially in the parts of Tamil Nadu. Farmers, who have been facing uncertainty in the production of crops year after year, are changing their cropping pattern to save themselves.
The consumption of water for non-irrigation purpose increases to 62% from 1995-2025 (IWMI, 2002). According to the scenario, future conflicts among the nation will be on ease access to water (PSF, 1999). Pakistan has a rich and vast natural resource base, covering various ecological and climatic zones; hence the country has great potential for producing all types of food commodities. Agriculture has an important direct and indirect role in generating economic growth. The importance of agriculture to the economy is seen in three ways: first, it provides exchange earnings; and third, it provides a market for industrial goods.