Social Consequences Of The Industrial Revolution In The 19th Century

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During the 19th century, machinery made its way into European society. It transformed the lives of European citizens and this period of time was known as the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution enriched Europe 's economy and expanded its wealth; however, this did not come without consequence. While Europe became industrialized, the quality of life diminished. The industrial factories polluted the environment and intoxicated citizens. This drastically decreased life expectancy in urbanized cities. The factories also had social consequences in terms of their labour. While factories incorporated both workers and machinery, workers were treated poorly and machines were treated with utmost care. Robert Owen, a manager of a cotton mill in Manchester, recognized this difference of treatment and was unhappy "with the deplorable material and moral standards of factory workers" (Owen, 320). While machinery was kept "neat, clean, well arranged, and always in a high state of repair" (Owen, 320), the workers were improperly treated and paid. He began to set an example to the other superintendants of manufactories by setting up his own cotton mill in Lanarkshire, Scotland. He ensured safety regulations within his cotton mills and he made sure his workers "received salubrious housing [...] and education for their children" (Owen, 320). His cotton mill became a commercial success and his regulation of his workers became well known. Following his success, Owen wrote a speech
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