The aforementioned phenomena results in material social and economic costs to both employers and individuals. Serious risks include psychological harm and physical injuries, increased stress levels and an overall significant impact to the safety and well-being of the individual. Workplace bullying is the situation whereby an employee is treated with negative acts for a long period of time by his peers, supervisors or bosses. Usually the employee is unable to defend or retaliate due to the recognition of a formal or informal power imbalance. These advices will help employees in successfully dealing with or in managing bullying.
Besides sexual harassment, bullying in the workplace is also a serious issue which must be concern. Bullying can be verbal and non verbal which force someone to do something unwanted by using personal superior strength. Bullying could isolate and hurt a person mentally. Bullying occurs when someone repeated a pattern of behavior which is intended to abusive, violence or even harms a particular person or a group of people. Approximately 54 millions of workers, or 35 percent of U.S. employees, are targeted by a bully at their workplace, according to the Workplace Bullying Institute.
Workplace bullying can happen to volunteers, work experience students, interns, and apprentices, casual and permanent employees (Bullying and Harassment, n.d). Bullying is a big hazard that has the potential to harm a person because of the wrong doings of another; it also creates a psychological risk, as there is a possibility that a person may be harmed if exposed to it. (APA Center for Organizational Excellence, 2014) Choice: I decided to choose this topic to research because I know what bullying is like in a workplace where it is easy to get bullied, Schools where it is very common in young kids to pick up on the behavioural patterns of other
Due to its pervasive negative effects on the organisation, current trends in industrial and organisational psychology suggest a continuing increase in the study of counterproductive work behaviours (Levy & Tziner, 2011). According to Spector, Bauer and Fox (2010), the term counterproductive work behaviour is seen as a volitional behaviour that harms or intends to harm organisations or people in organisations. Chang and Smithikrai (2010) on their part define counterproductive workplace behaviour as a class of behaviour that acts against the interests of the organisation, which individuals, usually, consciously choose to engage in. Hafidz, Hoesni and Fatimah (2012) observe that counterproductive work behaviours affect not just the organisation, but also influence other employees, customers and suppliers. Gruys and Sackett (2003) classified these behaviours into eleven main dimensions of theft and other related behaviours; destruction of property; misuse of information; misuse of time and resources; unsafe behaviour; poor attendance; poor quality work; alcohol use; drug use; inappropriate verbal actions; and inappropriate physical
Verbal bullying Like physical bullying, the goal of verbal bullying is to degrade and demean the victim, while making the bully look dominant and powerful.Verbal bullying includes name calling, insults, teasing, intimidation, homophobic or racist remarks. Verbal bullying can lead to low self-esteem, as well as depression. Verbal bullying can lead to very physical consequences. A victim, who is very depressed from verbal bullying, could turn to substance abuse or even suicide. In our survey 88.5% of the victims who were bullied were verbally
Workplace Bullying Workplace bullying happens when an individual recognizes negative actions directed at him or her from one or more persons, ongoing over at least 6 months, and when he/she has trouble defending these actions (Simons et al., 2011, p. 133). Workplace bullying has been theoretically linked with harassment and includes features of frequent and determined efforts to torment, irritate, or create anxiety for an individual at work (Brodsky, 1976). Workplace bullying has become a disturbing but interesting phenomenon that has fascinated a high level of consideration from scholars and practitioners in the academic and organizational surroundings (Rayner and Cooper, 1997). Basically, the incidence of workplace bullying has led study
Whistleblower also worried as they normally viewed themselves as “blackballed” where they may be facing difficulty to engage new employment. “Whistleblowers have a strong sense of injustice” as cited by Fincher (2009). Despite the benefits, the act of exposing wrongdoing within an organization is no easy task, and whistleblowers are often exposed to negative consequences, such as demotion, dismissal, and blacklisting (Cassematis & Wortley, 2013; Chang et al.,
Hazardous working conditions may appear in an organization in routine basis so workers must be well prepared for this and they should learn to cope with this. For this organizations must educate about health and safety programs. Provisions for sick leaves, safety pays etc can help workers feel secure and get motivated to work efficiently. Employee Awareness Health and safety practices within workplace are vital as they help prevent organizational conflict and make them proactive for the possible difficult circumstances. Wrong and unethical acts of workers within the organization are matter of concern as this disturbs organizational harmony.
It causes mental health to erode such as depression and anxiety. Living as subject of discrimination prevents people from having equal opportunities to better their lives and is the primary reason for higher levels of unemployment and underemployment. Worst case, it causes death and suicidal among the victims due to stress and pressure. Racism happens daily and affects so many people. How can one live with oneself for causing someone so much trouble?
Bullying refers to use of force, threats, coercion, and so forth for the purposes of abusing, intimidating, and aggressively dominate over other people. Exploitation by tormenting has turned into a vital center of the tyke as well as adolescent psychology science writing. There are solid and steady discoveries that being a casualty of bullying is connected with more elevated amounts of disguising trouble (Malecki et al., 2014). Notably, bullying behavior is usually habitual and done repeatedly. Bullying has various effects on the victim.
High routine on-the-job stress should be avoided. What are the long-term consequences of unmanaged stress? If left unmanaged stress can cause many large long term problems of a person’s mind and body. “High stress levels can contribute to cardiovascular disease, including heart attacks and strokes, and may be associated with some forms of cancer” (McShane & Von Glinow, 2015, p. 111). Stress also more commonly leads to job dissatisfaction, depression, and aggressive behavior.
So what is bullying? Bullying is defined as unwanted, aggressive behavior that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time (Stop 1). There are several types of bullying, which include physical bullying, verbal bullying, relational bullying, sexual harassment, and cyberbullying (Kaiser
Workplace bullies constantly involve overwhelmingly negative actions at work including the need to control, humiliate and embarrass to cause some kind of pain or personal distress. It can be associated with office politics, unclear expectations, dishonesty, withheld information, etc. Not only does workplace bullying have a connection with abusive supervision, it also has an increase with negative workplace performances. By promoting ethical practices, it could reduce workplace bullying and abnormality among co-workers. Agervold and Mikkelsen (2004), in one of the first studies, found that employees who were frequently exposed to bullying reported less job control, work tasks which were more unclear or contradictory, a management style which was less employee-oriented, and fewer social contacts with co-workers.