Social Construction Of Gender Inequality

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Gender Inequality Gender inequality is a characteristic of social structure according to which different social groups (in this case men and women) have certain differences resulting in unequal opportunities. Gender inequality is associated with social construction of masculinity and femininity as oppositional categories with unequal social value (Ferree, 1999). One of the main problems in gender theory is the problem of dominance. Together with race and class gender is a hierarchical structure that could to provide both opportunities and oppression (Ferree, 1999). Gender inequality can exist in different forms, depending on culture, region, religion and other factors. Mortality inequality. There are regions in the world where gender could become questions of life and death. The punishment for refusing to follow gender roles can be a death penalty. For example, Ayatollah Khomeini, ruler of Iran from 1979 until the mid-1980s, abolished all laws that gave women any rights and sentenced to death a total of 20 thousand women who did not abide the clear rules about their clothing and behaviour (French, 1992). High mortality rates among women are registered in some societies in North Africa and Asia with preponderance of men in the population. (Sen, 2001). Such phenomenon usually has roots in unequal access to the healthcare and nutrition. Natality inequality. In male-dominated societies, such as China, South Korea and Armenia gender inequality can result in sex-selective

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