Social Contract Theory In Dystopian Society

2019 Words9 Pages
The notion of the social contract theory is the agreement or consensus between the people being ruled and their rulers. In this theory, "morality consists in the set of rules governing behaviour, that rational people would accept, on the condition that others accept them as well."1 The aim of my paper is to investigate how the individuals and society are being controlled in the dystopian society in the book, "The Giver" written by Lois Lowry.

At the very beginning, man dwelled with nature where there was no government to set aside laws to rule over him. However, man was faced with various calamities and hardships in certain aspects of life. In order to overcome it 's miseries, two kinds of agreements were brought in the social contract theory; pactum unionis and pactum subjectionis.

In, pactum unionis people strived to find the protection that they needed for their lives and property thus resulting a society. In this society people respected one another in order to live a peaceful and harmonious life. In the second pactum, people merged with one another forming a society. But here, the society pledged to follow an authority. In this process, some or all of their freedom and their rights to an authority are surrendered. The authority gives assurance to protect the people 's life, property and to an extent, their liberty. Man must agree to live under the common laws created and build an enforcement mechanism for the social contract and the laws that constitute it. As a

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