Laws are not enough to keep a society peaceful and conflict free. The two different types of norms that exist until now are formal and informal. Formal norms are what we call laws or rules in our society and informal norms are norms in which there is an agreement among everyone in a society to follow. Norms can be more important than laws because informal norms cover many things in which there can be both agreements and disagreements among people (2001, Huck and Weibull). Violations of these norms can lead to fights and misunderstanding and might escalate to violating laws/rules.
High levels of crime and disorder often characterize areas that rank high on measures of destitution, such as high unemployment, low levels of income and poor quality accommodation. This is because some individuals respond to the conditions they have to live in by resorting to property crime to address their grievances, at the same time other people may develop a deep anger that can be released in violent ways. I think that the relationship between social destitution and crime is relatively close. However not all of the people who commit crimes are necessarily socially
Forgiveness itself includes individual transformation of the victims that can free the pain of the past thereby healing the wounds caused by the crime. The decision to forgive has multifaceted explanations. Often, the victims themselves find it difficult to identify clearly the reason or reasons that led them to forgive and also it is common that there is more than one cause. Restorative justice seeks to uphold the humanization of the consequences of crime, encouraging the postulation of accountability on the part of the perpetrator of the crime to the victim or their kin, thus laying the foundation for a better future that rests on and is aware of the past, but is not attached to the past as in the case of concept of guilt in criminal
In law enforcement, police officers are seen as racist crooks looking to cause harm and ruin lives of others, when in reality that is completely false. Police officers are only human, they have one of the toughest jobs in this country, and they should be better understood because citizens and especially our youth start to grow up in an environment where they are told to despise the police. Often times, stereotypes and misconceptions can deceive people’s perspective of others, causing people to be judged as a whole and not as individuals. Stereotypes are used to categorize a class of people, and it can be based on truth. Although these judgments are often an exaggeration of what the truth really is.
Despite the disputes and controversies its potential capacity of regulating moral conflicts in a modern world is underestimated. Society is in the position to implement this strong moral act to show that there is no way to escape the consequences of wrongful deeds. The benefits of elimination of dangerous criminal elements, deterrence, reduced incarceration, shortening of sentence expenses and the safety of the community are the result of capital punishment implementation. . Even though, changes should be introduced to the system of penalty to adjust it to the needs of each particular community, it is still one of the most effective measures of combating and prevention of the crime.
Greatly influenced by the likes of French sociologist Emile Durkheim, Reckless was able to develop Containment theory in the 1960’s. The theory concentrated on the idea that people are subject to various social pressures, some of which pull people toward crime, and others that push people into a life of conformity. Although modern society is rife with social pressures towards crime, many people seem unaffected by them due to a number of controls that insulate the individual from the pushes and pulls they are subject to, he referred to these controls as either ‘inner containment’ or ‘outer containment’. He explains the only way a person would partake in delinquent behaviour is by the weakening of containments, allowing the individual to release themselves into their natural state of
A rise in overall consumption leaves fewer resources for investment in priority areas, having an adverse effect on production. Black money distorts resource allocation in the economy and often leads to wasteful use of money. It leads to conspicuous consumption and in turn results in the diversion of large funds to unproductive channels which ultimately put the economy out of order. 7. Deteriorate the Ethical and Moral Standards of the Society Black money is largely responsible for the deterioration of general moral standards of the society.
The notion that crime and poverty have their roots in the lifestyles and preferences of the poor has a long history in American political culture; the concept of poverty-related issues is severely misled by racial and ethnic stereotypes (Beckett, 1997). The communities who live in poverty largely consist of lower class workers and people of color, and the war on crime, started by Ronald Reagan, only exemplified the stigma of the lower classes being cruel and dangerous. Reagan’s war on crime pressured federal law enforcement agencies to shift their attention to street crime, which had tremendous racial connotations, instead of white-collar offenses (Beckett, 1997). Political institutions are responsible for “protecting members of society from invasions from without, controlling crime and disorder within, and providing channels for resolving conflicts of interest” (Messner and Rosenfeld, 2007). However, criminal laws only
South Africa strikes many observers as a country riven by excessive and widespread violence. Interpersonal violence is a daily reality for many, and several studies of crime statistics indicate that poorer people are more likely to be subjected to such violence. Given that the overwhelming majority of people in South Africa are poor, this means that the majority of those subjected to violence are likely to be poor. Then there is community violence, whether in the form of street gangs or the vigilante groups who fight them with similar methods, because many communities feel under-protected by the various state agencies responsible for safety and security in South Africa. These policing agencies are themselves also accused of using excessive force.
But what actually happens is that only more problems emerge. Many of the low and middle class people would do a crime to fulfill their temporary needs. Which is somehow justifiable I think. For example a homeless person would tend to commit a crime such as steal food or break or entry to find shelter. But after that he is being put in jail.