History is something that suffers from survivorship bias i.e. those who overcame their adversaries get to write their version of the events. Knox theory is based on erroneous empirical evidence whose lack of substance he accepts in his book “The races of man”. Based on detailed autopsy of a single colored person, he casts an entire race as inferior based on the fact that the subject’s mental and physical capacities were of an inferior nature thereby; colored people were subservient to white people. Another theory that is cited by racists in order to strengthen their argument is Darwin’s theory of evolution.
Braford E. Burns began writing The Poverty of Progress as a historical essay arguing against the “modernization” of nineteenth century Latin America. Burns argues that modernization was preformed against the will of the majority and benefited a small group of Creole Elite, while causing an exponential drop in the quality of life for folk majority. Burns supports his research through a series of dichotomies. Within the first twenty years of the nineteenth century the majority of Latin America gained independence from Spain. Prior to the Latin American countries gaining independence, the Creole elites expressed great displeasure with the crown and readily equated themselves with the American colonists before gaining independence from Britain.
Colonization is an action in which one civilization captures and controls another civilization, preferably one which may be considered to be of lower status. This action is performed with the intent of civilizing and guiding another civilization.. However, this is a misconception; the advancement of a civilization is not synonymous with the physical aspects of the citizens found within that specific society. Colonization, in simple terms, is fueled by racism, an idea which assisted in the construction of the concept of white supremacy. White supremacy, or the delusion that the White race is the most superior race of all, was the powerful drive which allowed for brutal attacks to happen against people of color for thousands of years.
George Fitzhugh argues that slavery was justified. Two of his arguments in defense of slavery are the Africans are foolish, and slavery in America is safer and better than slavery in Africa. While many people believed his arguments to be right, Fitzhugh is wrong. If Africans are foolish, wouldn’t you want to teach them instead of enslaving them? Fitzhugh states in paragraph two of The Universal law of slavery, “He would become an insufferable burden to society.
Races without a sense of civilization were judged as uncivilized and savages. The American Indians were looked upon as inferior and uncivilized when the first European settlers arrived in America. Violence often played key factors in eliminating Native Americans from their lands. In addition to inferiority, some nations took more extreme measures. Hitler and the country of Germany set out to exterminate the Jewish entity during the late 1930s and most of
This statement illustrates England 's point of view towards imperialism and also provides their reasons for imperializing to Africa. They believed that their own culture and way of life was the best and it would be better if more people of English culture were spread across the world. Following their need to be the best nation, came their need to imperialize and gain more power, which was the cause why the Africans were hurt, not only physical, but also their culture killed and had an everlasting burden placed on them all. In the text, "The Black Man 's Burden," by Edward Morel in 1903, it states, "In its permanence resides its fatal consequences. It kills not only the body merely, but the soul.
Art is like that of a peacock’s tail, an extravagant display of beauty in an attempt to meet societal expectations. Yet, Oscar Wilde’s The Picture of Dorian Gray questions whether art is an expendable additive to humankind or if it has become the basis for human morality. Such a consideration draws its roots in the theory of Social Darwinism, an idea proposed by Herbert Spencer. Social Darwinism asserts that society is governed by the same laws of evolution that Charles Darwin observed in animals – that is, those who flourish are justified as being naturally fit for society, while the weak are intended to perish (Britannica). Wilde utilizes artistic forms to suggest the upper class’s obsession with materialism in order to critique their disregard for moral depravity.
As stated earlier the white monitory felt under threat and fear the extinction of the race as a whole and eugenics was perceive to be their last hope (Reference). Just as Britain had used eugenics in the classification of social status based on race; eugenics enabled the so-called “hereditary defects” to be segregated from society to protect the purity of the white race (Reference). Eugenics lay behind the construction of segregationist ideology in South Africa (Reference) as Professor Susanne Klausen. Each person belonged to the race where the texture of hair and skin color matched (Reference). Furthermore the Hassle on the distinctiveness of different cultures meant the burden of explaining human differences; eugenics was seen as the most efficient way of doing so.
The leaders of the major industrial powers which were Britain, France and Germany were all wanting to acquire more land for their colonies because they needed more territory. Soon after many small industrial powers such as Spain, Holland, Portugal, Italy, Japan and the USA also wanted to be in the run for more land.This essay will be discussing four factors that led to imperialisation - Religious, Political, Strategic and Economic Many Europeans believed that the African people were of an inferior and uncivilized nature. To most of the Europeans imperialism was a struggle against their belief system which was Christianity. Christian Missionary Societies forced their government to colonize and build the right facilities for the religious and educational upliftment of the local inhabitants. According to pseudo-science at the time, Europe's economic and political strength was proof of the superiority of the European race.
Darwinism offered a new way to explain biology, but a problem though arose when this theory applied to humans. The theory claimed that those of European decent were in fact the fittest, were subhuman. The theory then gave a new justification to racism. Latin America also displayed these racist ideas. For example, Sarmiento claims that the only hope for
The American Dream is one that encourages the thought of natural selection, Social Darwinism, that dates back to the early 19th century when the foundation of this country was being founded. It was popular thought to believe that a person earned their place in the world, and only those who were worthy of being in the upper class survive in a society of Darwinism. When it comes to America there is a sense of luxury people should aspire to achieve, but yet create a system where not all individuals can achieve that way of life. Creating this system puts greater obstacles in the face of people of the lower class who are attempting to achieve the desired life that fuels the American Dream. If they fall short there 's a sense of inadequacy which can take an individual into a dark hole, where they are left with their negative emotions and stress, that makes them even less likely to achieve the American Dream.
The way to handle the situations was from one extreme to another. Anti-Slavery was one of the major views in the North on slavery. These people believed that the institution of slavery was wrong and to get rid of it, popular sovereignty was the answer. Popular sovereignty was the idea that the future state government should decide if they are for or against slavery. The antislavery activists also thought that slavery could be contained, and eventually the act would die out.
After the awareness of the slaves’ capabilities and the living in communities with slaves, white people in the North that still supported slavery changed their stance after seeing first hand that black people, not just the few free blacks, were similar to everyone else. After the Underground Railroad, moral code came into question, and with the Constitution demanding all people be equal, the people in the North could no longer bear to uphold slavery. The Underground Railroad was risky and dangerous, but it furthered racial equality by creating a coalition against slavery and by freeing African
1800s America views African Americans as inferior to the Caucasian race, yet still promotes the equal rights ideals. Because these African Americans are the exception to the rule of equal rights because they are “weaker” than the superior race, the pull to feel empathy is depleted. Biology and natural selection has made this “weaker” race less human, and therefore the need to sympathize with inferior individuals is severely
Looking to insure order, the elite turned to racial differences as their answer. Before Bacon’s Rebellion, African slavery, based solely on race, was not a concept. However, recognizing an opportunity to split the working class, reducing the unity amongst them, the elite institutionalized political differences among whites and people of color. They began by instituting new laws that granted white working class men elevated privileges, creating a “psychological wage” that led them to believe that they were of a higher stature than people of color. At the same time, the flow of new indentured servants traveling to the New World greatly decreased due to the Great Fire of London.