Art is like that of a peacock’s tail, an extravagant display of beauty in an attempt to meet societal expectations. Yet, Oscar Wilde’s The Picture of Dorian Gray questions whether art is an expendable additive to humankind or if it has become the basis for human morality. Such a consideration draws its roots in the theory of Social Darwinism, an idea proposed by Herbert Spencer. Social Darwinism asserts that society is governed by the same laws of evolution that Charles Darwin observed in animals – that is, those who flourish are justified as being naturally fit for society, while the weak are intended to perish (Britannica). Wilde utilizes artistic forms to suggest the upper class’s obsession with materialism in order to critique their disregard for moral depravity.
Would you trust someone who kills their best friend for the good of their country or some guy who thinks they knew the leader? Exactly, you would want and trust a leader who would do anything for the good of their country. Julius Caesar was murder by Brutus and the other conspirators but they said it was for the good of Rome. Brutus and Antony both gave a speeches over Julius Caesars death to appeal to the plebeians. Brutus funeral speech was a more effective speech than Antony because his use of ethos, pathos, and logos made the plebeians focus on his words more.
The Chrysalids: Do you agree the Sealand’s philosophy Is it ever justified to kill a human being? During the novel The Chrysalids Joseph Strorm was able to sterilize and destroy deviants, and was considered a genocide. The Sealand only killed for the greater good of the species, to save the species from annihilation. The reasons why I agree with the Sealand’s philosophy are that the species must change, and the human race must evolve.
Diana Moon, the Handicapper General's first and center names, refers to the hunt of the Roman goddess (Gradesaver.com). Diana was known for her revenge, which could clarify the heartless murdering of Harrison Bergeron in this story. Diana Moon, the murderer of individuality and freedom, Vonnegut is alerting society not to lean totally towards being "equivalent in every way" or else society will lose its opportunities to exceed expectation of past it has become (Joodaki & Mahdiany). In a society of equality, Harrison Bergeron is the one who represents uniqueness by his mental and physical characteristics. In fact, he is characterized as “a genius, an athlete”.
In Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s novel Chronicle of a Death Foretold, the social hierarchy was dependent on the “code of honor” and the amount of wealth each family held. Throughout the book, Marquez states that the Vicario Twins murdered Santiago; however, his writing subtly plays with the concept that they are not truly guilty. Instead, he implies that the society forced Santiago to meet an early end is what is truly guilty. He poses the idea that this society, where family honor was more important than life and money was the only symbol of power that mattered, was the root of the problem. The idea that the town was responsible for the murder of Nasar was created because of how the social structure was framed by its citizens’ social
Garners, a history professor of Rutgers University believes that Lindbergh was greatly involved in the murder and kidnapping of his son, due to Lindberghs’s belief and encouragement of social Darwinism and eugenics, the practices of bettering the gene pool of the human race. It is said that Baby Charles wasn’t the healthiest and normal child out there, being born with hammered toes, un-fused bones, and a cranium that was too large. Knowing this information, along with the fact that the body was cremated immediately made people such as Garners believe that the murder of the Little Eaglet was an attempt to purify the genetics of the Lindbergh lineage, even if it went to far (news. Rutgers.
Naturalistic writers focus on extreme conditions that shape and govern human character. Jack London, a naturalistic writer, places men in such situations. These men do have their characters molded by nature, however, a majority of the time their deaths almost defeat the purpose. Naturalism spans from Darwin’s theory of evolution: “Survival of the fittest”, in that weaker parts of every species will eventually die off, like the ignorant men in these stories. This literary style within stories frequently depicts humans as objective and entitled when contrasted with nature.
them. The Nazis were Darwinists, meaning that they believed in survival of the fittest. Anyone that was not part of the "superior race" would be killed. Their main targets were Jews, Gypsies, and people with disabilities, afro-Germans, Jehovah Witnesses, homosexuals, and prostitutes. Hitler thought the Nazi Germany was becoming weaker because of people who lived there who he thought were ‘genetically weak”.
In nature, predators inflict pain upon their prey through their actions. William Buckland, a theologian, argued that predation is necessary for reducing the inevitable suffering that victims would experience with old age and also to helps maintain population and food resources. Gould uses the predatory behavior of the ichneumon wasp to argue against this natural theological justification. He argues that the cruelty in which the parasitic ichneumon wasp implants it young into living prey contradicts this statement, comparing the event to that of medieval torture. He argues that natural theologians’ attempt to justify the actions of the ichneumon wasp by applying human emotions and intentions is
In John Steinbeck’s Of Mice and Men, Steinbeck employs the modernist concept of Social Darwinism in order to distinguish between characters who survive and characters who succumb to the abuses of society. Social Darwinism, in short, is the theory that the Darwinian laws of natural selection account for the social hierarchy of society. Just like how favorable characteristics allow animals to survive in the wild, favorable attributes allow an individual to thrive in society. Social Darwinism champions the phrase ‘survival of the fittest’, implying that only the strong will survive and thrive, and the weak will be left behind. In his novel, Steinbeck applies Social Darwinism in order to create a social hierarchy between the characters of his novel,
Social Gospel, on the other hand, could be considered more of a social movement than a theory. Social Gospel is defined as "Christian faith practiced as a call not just to personal conversion but to social reform. " This attitude is nearly the opposite of Social Darwinism when it comes to how Americans viewed themselves in relation to others of lower social status around them. Most prevalent during the late 1800s to early 1900s, Social Gospel was characterized by strong feelings of social responsibility and the idea that salvation could be achieved through service to the poor. During the late 1800s, many reformers were inspired to help the urban poor, and settlement houses began to spring up in slum neighborhoods.
1. Black sociology has come a long way from the early years when black sociologist had to fight for their work to be recognized by their white contemporaries and assert the need for a discipline that was unique and specific to the needs of African Americans. Today, I believe that Black sociology has accomplished many of its goals as far as reexamining the way Black people are studied. Through the use of empirical data, oral history and participant observation; Black sociology has evolved into a more holistic science in the way its studies Black people in America and in other parts of the African diaspora. However, I also believe that black sociologist should engage the public more often.