Social Demography Definition

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Demography is a combination of two Greek words. Demos which means people and Graphein which means to write or to study, so Demography literary means to study or write about people.
The United Nations (Nd) define Demography as a scientific study of human populations, primarily with relation to their size, structure and change. Demography concentrates on the quantitative characteristics of population and explains and describes these characteristics mathematically. Demography describes phenomena by means of formulas and numbers. Demography also refers to the scientific study of human populations and the changes in their structures, compositions and distributions brought about by live births, death and migration of people. Demographers seek to
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Kingsley Davis coined the term social demography in a 1963 paper (Heer 2005). Previously, the term population studies was used to denote the study of social status using demographic techniques. In 1970, Thomas Ford and Gordon DeJong published a textbook titled Social Demography, which included research exemplars in the field. Social demography developed in the United States as an outgrowth of regular census data, the development of demographic techniques, an interest in scientific investigation, and a general curiosity concerning social issues. Institutionalized by the U.S. Constitution, the U.S. Census has received increased funding and been accompanied by increased research activity and scientific rigor with each succeeding…show more content…
A capitalist gives to labour as wage a small share of labour’s productivity, and the capitalist himself takes the lion's share. The capitalist introduces more and more machinery and thus increases the surplus value of labour’s productivity, which is pocketed by the capitalist. The surplus is the difference between labour’s productivity and the wage level. A worker is paid less than the value of his productivity. When machinery is introduced, unemployment increases and, consequently, a reserve army of labour is created. Under these situations, the wage level goes down further, the poor parents cannot properly rear their children and a large part of the population becomes virtually surplus. Poverty, hunger and other social ills are the result of socially unjust practices associated with
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