It works on the mere reality faced by people where people face obesity, cardiovascular issues and diabetes due to unhealthy lifestyle. The article gives a reliable output on the take by physicians on healthy eating and importance of happy living. With a case analysis carried out in this research about a 63 year old man with numerous health issues, it insists on the applicability of the suggestions from this research to similar cases. Literary sources are also used in the article to reveal the impact of diet on lifestyle changes and mental satisfaction. As the research of mine surrounds the nutritional impact of vegetarian foods, this article is likely to add value to my research in terms of nutritional importance, intake habits and healthy eating methodologies.
Before we look at the different Social/Psychological Determinants of Health it is important firstly to define what a social determinant of health is. According to the World Health Organization (2017) “The social determinants of health are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age.” These conditions are as a result of a wide range of factors that are ultimately governed by the way in which money, power and specific resources are shared at different levels including those at global, national and local levels. We have all been a part of and will experience different social determinants of health throughout our lives but it is the standard at which we experience these determinants that will ultimately lead onto them affecting our health or ultimately leaving us unaffected. The Social Determinants of Health which I am going to examine include • Education • Unemployment • Stress • Living Conditions • Cultural Norms.
These factors are known as the Social Determinants of health. “The social determinants of health are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age, including the health system” (WHO). Dalgren & Whitehead (1991) image of the social determinants of health aims to show the relationship between the person, their environment and their health. The modifiable factors, people’s age, gender and race lie in the centre surrounded by non modifiable factors like profession, housing, education and public policy. There is a direct relationship between people’s environment and their health, e.g. people who live in damp housing have a higher incidence of respiratory health problems (Farell et al.
As diets and health become more and more of a public concern in America. Two authors weigh in on their opinions on how the American public should handle the problem of obesity as well as their solutions to the overwhelming issue. In one article, “Against Meat,” published on the New York Times website in 2009, points out that the solution to obesity should be vegetarianism. Johnathan Foer who is a vegetarian, claims that his diet and way of living is his the way of improving health in the American public. Foer’s article provides a sense of humor as well as personal stories to attempt to persuade his audience for the ethical treatment of animals along with his personal solution for his own health and the health of his family.
The Health Field Model The Health Field Model (HFM) is the conceptual framework that is used by different health care organizations or in individual research projects to evaluate the prevalence, awareness and management of diseases in the community (Pittman, 2010). The HFM, a determinant health model is developed by Bob Evans and Greg Stoddart in 1990. The HFM provides a broad spectrum for understanding health, and the factors that interfere with, and influence the health of individuals in the community. There are features to put into consideration for, in determining the factors that affect many diseases; hypertension, diabetes, and heart disease, or influence of health on a community (Kindig & McGinnis, 2007).
The Biopsychosocial model (Suls & Rothman, 2004) is one of the earliest multi-dimensional models of the health field. This model demonstrates the interaction between biological and social factors in regard to disease analysis. It displays levels above and below a person arranged from global systems at the top and genetic systems at the bottom. In the Social and Behavioral Foundations of Public Health, Coreil (2010) describes how the biopsychosocial is more concerned with the biological systems within the human body and pays greater attention to this interplay. In the case study, Cockerham (2013) details how social conditions act as the ultimate causes of diabetes and diabetes related fatalities in the community of East Harlem.
Founded in 1994, by Dr. C Everett Koop. He wanted to raise awareness of obesity as a health issue and to provide responsible information on weight management through dietary and lifestyle change. Shape Up America! is a not for profit organization dedicated to raising awareness of obesity as a health issue and to providing responsible information on healthy weight management. On their website they have a number of various resources that can be used by both children and adults in order to discover more about several lifestyle choices.
Many of the most critical public health problems of our times, especially obesity, can be addressed only by implementing paternalistic, including hard paternalistic, policies. Friedman sought to provide policymakers with a guide for the effective use of paternalistic public health interventions. Friedman presented a spectrum of what he describes as five increasingly levels of intervention, ranging from those that are a paternalistic, to devising strategies, insulating strategies, and the most “hard” form of paternalism, bans or mandates. In great detail, Friedman explores different types of strategies that can be used to combat obesity within each of the levels on his spectrum. He also provides keen insights from the reaction to, and success or failure of, different regulatory tools in the areas of fluoridation, marijuana, and the regulation of genetically modified foods or genetically modified organisms (GMOs).
The Target Population The target population is not only the individuals affected by obesity but also the family and community that the child finds her/himself in. The Intervention The intervention focuses on changing the general environmental influences affecting the child and resulting in obesity.
This essay explores the relationship of socioeconomic impacts on health in Islington Borough and accumulate data about disparities in the provision of health and social care services. I will also examine government methods in the promotion of health and factors and how barriers affect these health promotion campaigns. Health promotion is the procedure of empowering individuals to build control over, and to enhance, their Health. It moves past an emphasis on individual conduct towards an extensive variety of social and environmental interventions. The Ottawa Charter (1986) defines health promotion as the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve their health to reach a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing
Public health is the prevention of disease and in the process, promoting health and safety living by the input of the society (Carr et al., 2007). Beaglehole and Bonita (2004) revealed that public health is a group of action that has come together for the same purpose of sustaining the health of a population (cited in Carr et al., 2007). The social determinants of health are not only the cause of illness but also the cause of inequalities (BMA, 2011). The first statement to define health is the (Lalonde, 1994) which states the status of health is not just only affected by biology and services of the healthcare system but also involves the collective behaviour that occurs in a society (Wilson and Mabhala, 2009). This was developed in the Ottawa
Social Determinants of Health Health (HLTH) 300: Determinants of Health and Population Health Promotion presented numerous interconnected factors that can affect an individual’s health and well-being; these are referred to as the social determinants of health (SDH). The SDH include: gender; early life; income; education; race; social exclusion; coping skills; social support networks; and culture among other factors (Mikkonen & Raphael, 2010; Public Health Agency of Canada [PHAC], 2008a). Numerous underlying determinants of health can impact a youth’s personal behaviours (The Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada [AFMC], n.d.), therefore, before planning activities, I reflected on and recognized SDH that can potentially pose challenges
The term social determinants of health, can be defined as a ‘set of conditions in which people are born, grow up, live and work.’ These conditions include housing, education, financial security and the environment along with the healthcare service. (http://www.rcn.org.uk/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/438838/01.12_Health_inequalities_and_the_social_determinants_of_health.pdf) These factors are affected by the amount of money, power and resources that are available at a global, national and local level. Social determinants of health are linked to health inequalities according to the World Health Organisation, health inequalities are ‘the unfair and avoidable differences in health status seen within and between countries.’
This webinar is a presentation on the race associated differences in health, how they come to be, and some flaws inherent in the available initiatives to address these issues. First to speak was Kumanyika (2015) who utilized health outcomes parameters such as excess deaths, Life Expectancy at birth, Low birth weight, Infant mortality and Years of potential life lost before 75years, in order to illustrate the overall improvement in the health outcomes of the general populace between 1985 till 20012. However quite glaring in these data is the persistent racial disparity in health existing with the minorities having health outcomes that are worse than the white population. Shamika attributed this trends to the inadequacy in the initiates that