Social Development In Nepal

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EDUCATION, A CHALLENGE FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT IN RURAL PART OF NEPAL CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study Nepal is a landlocked country bound on the east, west and south by India and on the north by China. It has an area of 147,181 square kilometers. The country is divided into three elongated strips the low-land or plains known as the Terai along the southern belt, the snow-capped Himalayas that include Mount Everest along the north, and the middle hills between the Terai and the Himalayas. About 8% of the population lives in the mountain region, 47% in the Terai and the remaining 45% in the hill belt. The total population is comprised of people with several different languages, cultures and ethnicities. Most of the people…show more content…
The success of society is linked to the well-being of each and every citizen. Social development means investing in people. It requires the removal of barriers so that all citizens can journey toward their dreams with confidence and dignity. (Moulton, 2001). Social development in terms of economic aspects: While talking about rural areas, the economic condition of the people is not so good. Per capital income is hardly 700 dollar whereas daily income is approximately 300 rupees. With this amount of income the children cannot go to good school. The life of the rural areas is not so easy. Generally the people depend on the agriculture. Actually the life is so challenging and difficult in the rural areas. This directly affects the quality education of the children and the development of the society (Pandey 2007). Social development in cultural aspects: Most of the people of the rural areas are traditional and conservative. They think that girls should not go to school. They have to work on the field and have to look after the children. Boys also rarely go to school. Hardly 23.3 percentages of the people are educated in the rural areas. Others are uneducated. This is very poor data on the educational field. Lots of investments are there but the result not good. Most of the adult groups in the rural areas are illiterate (Pandey…show more content…
REFERENCES K Pandey (2007). Social Inclusion: Gender and Equity in education in South Asia. FAO and UNESCO (2003). Education for rural development: Towards New Policy. Jeanne Moulton (2001).Improving education in rural areas: Guidance for rural development specialists Benveiste, Luis A., Patrick J. McEwen (2000), Constraints to implementing educational innovations: The case of multigrade schools. International Review of Education, 46, pp. 31-48. Colletta, Nat, and Gillian Perkins (n.d.), Participation in the Education and Training Sector. Participation Sourcebook. World Bank. Gasperini, Lavinia (2000). From agriculture education t education for rural development and food security: All for education and food for all. Paper presented at the 5th European Conference on Higher Agricultural Education. University of Plymouth, U.K. September 10-13. Greaney, Vincent, Shahidur, R. Khandker, and Mahmudul Alam (1999). Bangladesh: Assessing basic learning skills. Dhaka, Bangladesh: The University Press Limited. Hanushek, Eric A. (1995). Interpreting recent research on schooling in developing countries. World Bank Research Observer, 10,

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