In terms of the economic well-being, Africa is falling behind from the rest of the world. Although global poverty is at its decline as the economic growth of the countries such as China and India are getting better. However, the decline in African economy is disappointing. According to Sachs, poverty in Africa is rising at a faster rate. The question arises that what is the fundamental cause of underdevelopment in Africa?
Although it was expected that it would take a considerable time to eradicate the legacy of the past, but it is a matter of great concern that the levels of poverty and inequality are on the increase in South Africa. South Africa adopted the White Paper on Social Welfare (1997) in line with its developmental agenda with a view of adopting a developmental approach to social welfare and the intention to address issues of poverty and inequity, promoting social development by integrating social interventions with economic development. Furthermore, the White Paper for Social Welfare when looking at the issues of poverty in South Africa gives an indication that South Africa has experienced declining economic growth rates over the last. two decades, the average annual growth rate of the Gross Domestic Product falling below the annual population growth rate. The situation has resulted in decreased per capita income and increase in poverty and pressure on the welfare system to meet basic human needs.
INTRODUCTION South African fertility rate is significantly lower than that of other countries in Southern and East Africa. A steady decline in fertility in developing nations took place in the late 1980s and 1990s, especially in the regions of Asia and Latin America. In contrast, Africa and particularly sub-Saharan Africa still lag behind in fertility terms. Reasons for South Africa’s low fertility compared to its neighbours is multifaceted which will be explained, later in more detail (Rossouw. L, et al, 2012).
They face difficulties in improving productivity on farm activities and also face significant challenges post-harvest processes. Small farmers given the paucity to work in markets in a profitable and sustainable manner. Even many a times these farmers also face the problem of middle man where they are tortured and harassed. The Nava Jyoti Community Enterprise System is aproducer company formed by six hundred and fifty small scale farmers in Rayagada district. The company has helped in making these small farmers self -dependent and have also reduced the harassment of middle man.
Upland ethnic people are marginalized and socially isolated because of their customs, beliefs, and their languages. The geographic location of their villages also makes them more isolated. Poor, rural communities in remote areas have limited access to facilities and services, such as electricity, roads, markets, schools, health services, and financial aid. During rainy seasons, they become unreachable, isolating them geographically and institutionally. One-third of the population live below the national poverty line, lacking the resources to lead healthy lives.
Therefore Latin Americas increase in quality education and effective government transfers resulted in a decrease in income quality as a whole. The increase in education lowered the whole skill premium and caused changes in both the composition of supply and demand as well a institutional factors such as raising the minimum wages. This ia a fundamental aspect in terms of why Latin America is decreasing their inequality gap as South Africa has struggled. South Africa is based in wage depression for new entry level workers whereas countries in Latin America had a different approach. Although new workers were receiving the minimum wage, Latin America were based on rapidly increasing minimum wage and entry level.
Of these, about 347.1 million people lived in Sub-Saharan Africa and 231.3 million lived in South Asia . Between 1990 and 2015, the percentage of the world 's population living in extreme poverty fell from 37.1% to 9.6%, falling below 10% for the first time. Poverty in this sense may be understood as a condition in which a person or community is lacking in the basic needs for a minimum standard of well-being and life, particularly as a result of a
Poverty is a stable companion of a large portion of the generalpopulation of Bangladesh because of some particular explanations behind which the rich are ending up richer and the poor are getting to be normally poorer.Bangladesh in the past known and East Pakistan won its freedom on December 16, 1971 after a long bloodshed and intense fight against Pakistan. Bangladesh is a poor developing country. Our country’s economy by incomparable poverty and resulting delinquencies high level of unemployment, low level of labor productivity, malnutrition, illiteracy, high capital scarcity and many more. In our country where more than fifty percent population live below poverty line and more then seventy five percent of them do not know how to write their
Due to lack of water the production of food has become less and the income of country is affected. Farmers become poorer and the development process in the villages is bad. Natural Disasters are also a factor which directly affects the development process and economy.
Lightly(1990;629-641) claims that the critical proportion of unemployment and mainly structural nature of the problem necessitated a re-evolution of policy measures in order to foster a pro-poor growth and development process in South Africa. The public sector expenditure programme is potent policy measure for stimulation of the employment growth in the economy. Menyiwa, et al (2014:158-159) president Zuma elevated rural development to a position among the top five strategic priorities of his administration and established a new ministry for rural development and Land Reform in 2009. The economy is also downgraded by political instability if we check how many we political parties we have here in South Africa which all have different views on how to run our country, basically focus on having solutions but rather they dwell on problems of which that is not taking us anywhere, The Nkandla, Gupta and our former president Jacob Zuma’s leadership took us down the drain, these issues affected us as the Rand against Dollar was weaken when coming to the Junk status which affected and some people lost their jobs. Mbanjwa.