Human Ageing Analysis

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1.1 Human Ageing
The general perception of human ageing in the western world has included the capability of surviving the diseases with mobility loss, cognitive or sensory functions, as well as an increase in health costs growth. Biomarkers in this sense are in need of urgent evaluation for the assessment of health conditions of elderly individuals and the interventions of therapy. Ageing is described as the change process that influences the physiological system and its performance and increases the chances of death and chronic diseases. Ageing is a genetically complex multi-causal biological process that is ascertain and leads to a decline in adaptive capacities steadily. It unavoidably leads to death as it is accompanied by the development
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In many countries, especially it is seen in developed countries that ageing increases pressure on social security programs as cuts in benefits and tax increases with massive loans and lower living standards can affect the society as a whole. These are now considered as the policies that need to be addresses in order to maintain and manage the retirement programs (CGA, 2006).
Ageism is a concept that is described as discrimination among the members of societies based on ages. This increases stigmas that are stuck with the ones above the ages of 65 by the youth oriented society. They are then considered as unworthy part of the society increasing negative impact on them. This elevated discrimination adds to the misconceptions of the standards of living and the usefulness of the ageing citizens (Restrepo & Rozental, 2005). Ageism affects the size of population and its structure that can be the reason of influencing socio economic and political aspects of the overall nations. It affects the overall society by effecting the food productions, security system, distribution of water, health care systems, supply of energy and its consumption and production with increase in environmental
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The ages that are considered to positively affect the economy and make productive approaches are 14 – 64 years old. However, ages 65 and above are considered dependent explaining the structure of age in the society (Scardino, 2009). According to this, less people are in the age group that is promising for productive impact and could support and protect the older ones.
The problem due to ageing influences negatively in the growth of economy and in the participation rate of the labour market. This forces the researchers to analyse the changing directions as in the trends of early retirements. In UK, the ratio of working individuals as compared to the ratio of people that are above 65 fell from 3.7 to 1 in the year 1999 and could fall from 2.1 to 1 in 2040 (BBC, 2013). This estimation suggests that dependency ration is about to be increased which is a cause of concern, as it will trouble the economy. The reason for this is the spending pending commitments that will burden the shrinking employed

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