There is little peace in a world characterized by painful differences between the rich and the poor, between the haves and the have-nots. Poverty is certainly not conducive to peace. Inequality in resources and opportunities is a direct burden on the poor themselves i.e. poor people as well as poor countries. When poverty is persistent, degrading, miserable, life-shortening, life-threatening, and life denying, it is an affront to human dignity.
As the bourgeoisie developed in society the proletariat did too. So, it is the proletarians who are expected to eventually destroy the bourgeoisie. Proletarians base their living off of the way they live. As long as they can find some kind of work and their labor increases capital. The proletarians live a different lifestyle and they can be vulnerable to everything going on in society and because of the new developments and divisions of labor, proletarians wage decreases.
For example, Mexico has been attributed as a depression to the economy because it was facing a major decline in mining and a shortage in labor during the time when urban population and demand were growing. Uncertainties caused by the rich countries cause losses for the poor countries. Essentially, the poor countries should solve this problem by specializing in production. It can open markets in poor countries, strengthen their method of production and kickoff local businesses. Vincent Ferraro addresses the possible issues which make this policy difficult to follow.
Ngugi works are characterized by criticism against European unacceptable law and injustice. Petals of Blood revolve around ruthless capitalist and deals with issues like land, history, education and exploitation. Religion in both novels is used as a tool to enslave the mind and soul of natives. Ngugi in his works like The Trial of Dedan Kimathi, Petals of Blood, Detained and Matigari has focused on the plights of the oppressed because it is the fiction that could rouse the consciousness of the masses. Ngugi works for the change in society that kind of society which promotes unequal social order.
The incongruent access to wealth in the country is due to the activities of the elite members of the society that have a trickle-down effect to the oppressed and vulnerable populations of the country. The influential members of the society acquire power and amass resources through underhand means as their poor counterparts suffer in abject poverty. This trend
Inequality is as bad for the rich as it is for the poor. Society is poorer as inequality becomes greater. (Friedman, 2011) The impacts of inequality shows up in poorer health, lower educational attainment, higher crime rates, lower spending of social capital, lower cooperation with and trust of government. (Friedman, 2011) On the other hand, inequality can also mean uneven distribution of wealth, which causes the poor to become even poorer. Poverty, hunger, homelessness, illiteracy, preventable disease, polluted air and water, and most of the other ills that beset humanity, have the same root cause: the inequitable distribution of planet’s wealth and resources.
The story Kafan, by Munshi Premchand, is a classic social-realistic tale of downtrodden victimhood. It satirizes rituals and indifference of dalits who feel so much oppressed and dejected that they think their wretched miserable life is not going to change for better in future. In Kafan, Premchand has adopted a different technique and presents the theme in a different way, different from other novels and short stories. He takes for granted the miserable plight of the masses groaning under oppression, poverty, ill-health and injustice. He presumes that people know all about such sufferings and have been made aware of that through the writing of social reformers and writers.
Such “inequality traps” (Rao, 2006) are believed to be highly correlated with the unequal distribution of power and are consequently considered an important cause of ethnic conflict and immobility. Communities like Dalits have suffered from multiple historical injustices are not only likely to be economically deprived, but also socially marginalised, politically insignificant in terms of the politics of “voice” as distinct from the “vote,” humiliated, dismissed, and subjected to intense disrespect in and through the practices of everyday life. Even after these
CASTE BASED RESERVATIONS The Indian society has a high degree of structural inequality based on the doctrine of the caste system. The caste system is based on the principle of pollution purity, which involves the division of people into castes with unequal and hierarchical assignment of economic and civil rights ascribed by birth. Social exclusion among the castes is ensured through the practices of endogamy and social separation. Exclusion is, thus, internal to the system, and a necessary outcome of its basic features. The untouchable castes located at the bottom of the hierarchy suffered the most as they were historically denied the rights to property, business (except the occupations that were considered as impure and polluting), education, civil, cultural, and religious rights.
There is domestic and international inequality. ANALYSIS Corruption does not only affect the growth rate of income but also affect inequality and poverty. Corruption affects poverty by first impacting on economic growth factors. Corruptions will lead to lower economic activities, creates inefficient by increasing the business thus hinders income inequality then leads to poverty in economic. In the economic model, corruption discourages foreign and domestic investment (Chetwynd E, Chetwynd F and Spector B 2003).