Society is shaped by a number of different forces and factors. Inevitably, these forces come together to construct the life of the individual. In this essay, C.W. Mills’ sociological imagination will be discussed. A personal problem,homosexuality, and a social issue, homosexuality, will be highlighted. In concluding the essay, a reflection on the usefulness of the sociological imagination will be offered.
Stating that in the 18th century, with the rise of the bourgeoisie, sexual activity as a pleasurable experience was frowned upon. Seen as a waste of energy, sex became privatized only to take place between husband and wife for the purpose of reproduction. This put sex under the discourse of marriage not to be spoken outside of that. In essence, the hypothesis is saying that power (the bourgeoisie) is exerted to keep sex a secret confined to the discourse of marriage. However, Foucault disagrees with hypothesis stating that power is exercised to bring sex into discourse.
The gender binary is the reduction of gender into strictly a male or female identity. However, gender is a spectrum and is not limited to two options. The binary is an “effect of a […] taxonomic gender process that perpetually re-sorts (and reinterprets) all complex gender operations […] back into comprehensible dual alignment of bodies” (Roof 3). Individuals who cannot conform to the two categories are oppressed and ostracized. Similarly, a sexual dimorphic system is the regulation of two body types, masculine and feminine, based on genital anatomy and secondary sexual characteristics; it therefore becomes a technology for heterosexual reproduction because biological bodies “must” align with the sexual binary to be acknowledged (Preciado
Sociological Perspectives Sexuality has three assumptions to it 1. Sexuality of members 2. Institutions of society such as family, religion, 3. What is appropriateness or inappropriateness of sexual behavior with in the cultural it occurs in.
How that relates to the readings is the Gender Binary discussed in chapter one or two, what makes a person male or female. As the book explains, we all have different glasses on how we define or see a person’s gender identity. Instead of society stereotyping for others on what makes us too masculine or feminine, we should focus on our own happiness. 2. How does the discussion of sex verses gender emerge from this documentary?
Two major works, The History of Sexuality by Michel Foucault and Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality by Sigmund Freud try to piece together sexuality and its meaning to society through analysis and observation. Sexuality isn’t new; it’s been real but has been forced into repression based on the fact that it defies heteronormative standards. Sexuality’s connection to social theory and social relations is one that is defined by the influences of social hierarchies on the definition of sexuality and the way that we view it. In The History of Sexuality, Foucault posits that society’s views on sex and sexuality shifted dramatically over the course of a few centuries.
To understand the linkage between sexuality and gender, it is important to reimagine the relationship between sexuality and gender and the rapport they hold with self-identification. Not long ago, sexuality was tied to procreation - becoming the core of one’s identity. Gender had always been tied to biological sex. However, a crisis of gender identity emerged and blurred the gender and sexuality binaries that had become commonplace social facts. A fluidity was created that allowed individuals to not feel the pressure of fitting inside distinct identification categories.
Transgender refers to those who 've exempted themselves from their in-born sexuality assigned at birth and thereby transitioned across these culturally and socially constructed binary concepts such as gender and sexuality and who 've in fact, created a 'cultural-turn ' in the society along the course of seeking to determine an "identity" for themselves reaching far beyond these constructs and redefining them as separate dimensions. Although sex is known to follow gender and thus define an individual 's gender identity conventionally, as binarically as possible, transgenderism is a revolutionary term that argues the fact that gender should not necessarily correspond to sexuality whereas an individual 's gender identity is a depiction of one
When gay marriage rights were a “hot topic”, the people on the opposing side believed that it challenged the original concept of what marriage was ‘supposed’ to be. "I think it's a matter of both biology and cultural values, and our western democratic societies' cultural values are most definitely [in favour of] one man and one woman, and polygamy threatens that just as same sex marriage threatened that. Polygamy threatens it on the monogamous level, same sex marriage threatened it on the biological level” (Hebbert). Due to the level of known abuse surrounding the Polygamist communities, most people think believe that if Polygamy was legalized that the government would be supporting this abuse and letting it happen. Not only are children in trouble in polygamous relationships, women can be too.
Gender identity disorder is in most cases referred to as transexuallism. Transvestism refers to the apply of obtaining sexual pleasure through dressing within the garments of the reverse sex. In these days the term pass-dressing is more generally used for the reason that it does not permit for a mistake of transsexualism, which is a complete gender change from the fashioned intercourse. Transvestism is a paraphilia for which the fundamental characteristic is severe sexual urges and sexually arousing fantasies involving dressing in garb of those of the opposite intercourse. It is tremendously primary to notice that simply considering the fact that an person is labeled as a transvestite does now not imply that they 're always homosexual.
It would argue that sexual assault is inevitable function of society that holds value and purpose. This, however, in no way takes in morality of the society nor does it give an explanation of how it can benefit the vast majority of a society. If combine parts of this theory with parts of feminist theory, we can begin to see that some sort of idea of power is at
These laws, then, uphold old notions of chastity and virginity, while providing a weapon against men from social groups we do not like. They also deprive women in their mid and late teens of choice under the guise of protecting that choice. The highly “patriarchal and paternalistic” law is what Delgado sees an area for further revue. With the lack of women being charged for such crimes, he questions things such as pressured intercourse and sexual love involving two consenting individuals.
Sexuality is often deemed as biological and contingent rather than conditioned. Much of this belief is due to the word confusion with sex. Today, the terms sex and sexuality are thought to be intertwining, in that one’s sexual activities dictates their sexual identity. The concept of sexuality is assumed to derive from the instincts or animal ancestry desire for sex, thus reducing the concept of sexuality purely to the urge of reproduction. Moreover, seeing as though the only way to reproduce is to engage in heterosexual relations, the theory sexual identity is based upon the law of nature is argued.
There are institutions who have adopted useful and good norms that ought to be adopted by other institutions, especially the trans-politics. These institutions understand too well the diversity of nature and why some things are the way they are. According to Spade, these are the institutions to be copied because they have the interests of the marginalized people at heart. Most of these institutions have been created by scientists and doctors who according to their research have documented reasons why they think people are the way they are. For instance, homosexuality is associated with sexual identity and that knowing someone’s sexual desires is an important way of identifying who they regard to gender.
According to Tyson, the American culture has become homophobic in a sense, but the matter is, it has not. In my personal opinion, yes there will be racists out there, yes there will be homophobics, but it’s just something that is new and have to get adjusted to. Staying that homophobia still exists creates anxiety for homosexuals and sometimes causes internalized homophobia which is self-hatred. Above all, it is clear to see that there are many limitations to gay criticism.