Social Identity Theory And The Black Lives Matter Movement

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Another theory that can be applied in this issue is the Social Identity Theory. Social identity is a person’s sense of who they are based on their group membership(s). Tajfel proposed that the groups which people belonged to were an important source of pride and self-esteem. Groups give us a sense of social identity: a sense of belonging to the social world. In order to increase our self-image we enhance the status of the group to which we belong and in the case of Black people, they tend to have a low self-esteem compared to white people due to the discrimination that happens between them. And because of their low self-esteem other people just play with them and most of the time treat them as an animal. One good example of this is the extrajudicial killings of black people by the police and vigilantes. These people who created the Black Lives Matter movement has a strong Social Identity, they are fighting for their right as well as reminding everyone that they are no less than any other race in the world. Due to the killings and discrimination over them, their social identity is threatened and having a strong sense of defending it comes into the picture.

Other theories that can be used is the Expectancy Theory and the Information Processing Theory.

The Expectancy Theory states that as we predict likely futures we also tend to have expectations about the outcomes. If things are seemingly good, we believe we can ‘make a difference’ and have the motivation to do actions to
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