The positives suggested can only be witnessed where tourism benefits the hosts, who consequently embraces the growth of the industry. However, in certain communities, tourism has come with a burden making the hosts hostile. For instance, some countries are congested due to frequent tourism activities. In these destinations, tourism-related activities cause resentment and infuriation among the host communities, which leads to problems that derail the developments in the industry. Therefore, for tourism to merit its “hospitality” name, it must consider the social and cultural influences it has on the host
First, only governments have the ability to create an environment that is beneficial for the tourism industry. Their policies address a range of objectives, such as social, environmental, economic, and educational, which will be more attractive for a country as a destination. Furthermore, only governments have the ultimate power to provide security, political stability, and financial structure in order to boost tourism development (Marketa, 2016). Second, tourism depends on the success of other industries. The provision of public goods, for example clean beaches, is vital for tourists.
Community Wellbeing: Community wellbeing focuses on the quality of life in local communities. Survey result shows that 49% respondent’s state tourism has increased the living standard of the local people. • Cultural Richness: Cultural richness state to respect and enhance the historic heritage, authentic culture, traditions and distinctiveness of host communities. More than 62% tourists state that cultural exchange between residents and tourists is valuable for the local community. But 42.5% respondents believe that tourists are not aware about the local culture and 30.1% state neutral position on this statement.
Decision making processes of potential tourists and level of satisfaction regarding tourists experience are greatly affected by the tourist’s destination image therefore tourist’s destination images plays a significant role. Aaker suggested in his article that in the tourist destination choice process, the image of destination area is critical factor. In tourism the mere extension of the image in the mind of tourist is more important than true representation of the image of any given location or region. Aaker stated in his article that the image perception can largely be inaccurate about a foreign and its people. However, as action proceeds on the basis of subjective reality therefore, probing destination image is an immensely important exercise.
While the economic impacts plays the dominant role among them, the adverse effects of Socio-cultural impact and environmental impact were ignored in policy making in the case of most of third world countries. But with the time, the policy makers of almost all the countries emerged with the concept of sustainable tourism development, which consider all the three impacts of tourism. The sustainable tourism development is a process that composed with three pillars as, social justice, economic development and environmental integrity which contribute to enhance the prosperity of local community by maximizing the contribution of tourism towards the economic prosperity of respective destinations (Khanya, 2001). The process of tourism development includes three key players namely business sector, not-for profit sector and the government (Batta, 1993).There is a potential threat for the development of tourism industry which arose due to any kind of poor coordination of efforts and policies between these three parties (Batta,
What are positive and negative impacts of tourism on Saudi Arabia’s environment, culture, and economy? • How does perception of local community members about tourism affect the tourism industry? How do local community members’ perceptions of tourism impact tourism industry stakeholders? • What is the perception of local community members about tourism industry in Saudi Arabia? How is tourism perceived by local community members in Saudi Arabia?
The social exchange paradigm can be a useful theory that can explain both the positive and negative impacts of the tourism industry as perceived by the host group. According to this theory, people always pursue what is valuable, which means that the perceived value is one of the crucial factors that determines the residents' awareness of the tourist. Andereck et al. (2005) explains that "stakeholders' attitudes toward and support for tourism in their community will be influenced by their evaluations of the actual and perceived outcomes tourism has in their community". It means that if perception of local community is base on benefit from an exchange they evaluate it positively and therefore they help to promote and develop tourism.
FACTORS LIMITING SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN TOURIST ATTRACTIONS This section outlines some of the key points regarding limitation to tourism development in tourism attractions. The literature discusses the willingness of tourists to visit the cultural heritage sites as factor affecting sustainable tourist attractions. According to Abuamoud, (2014) a logistic regression model was employed in the analyse factors that affected tourism at cultural heritage sites in Northern Badia. The study found that education, variety of sites, multiple destinations, cost, and reasons for the visit had a significant impact on tourists' willingness to travel. Therefore improving cultural heritage sites and working closely with local communities to expand training and funding was highly recommended.
However, a marketing campaign can be a two-edged sword if it is not based on what the destination has truly to offer. An unsatisfied tourist will not be willing to return or recommend the destination, inhibiting the word of mouth chain that would contribute to build the name of the destination (Calvo et al. 2011). Moreover, the management of the destination and its resources is also a vital factor on building the attractiveness. The development of infrastructures, the creation of facilities and promotion of tourist activities, as well as the stimulation of professional development of capabilities of people working on the tourism sector, will enhance the competitiveness of the destination and as a consequence will increase its attractiveness power.
Important findings were discovered from the research. The findings related to the impact of information searching on the internet and tourists’ personal income are in line with the studies of (Wu, Chuang, & Chen 2008; Johnson, 2011; Mason, Junyent, A. A., & Tornatora, M. C 2014). Based on the planned behavior theory, it appears that workers with low salaries from the hotels and guest houses environment in Ghana are discouraged due to personal income revenues. However, perceived positive information searching about the prospects in Europe and America engineered them to save towards travelling to the