Social Inequality In Health

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In this essay, I would like to talk about how one’s health status is determined by social factors regarding as gender roles and economic positions. Nowadays, health comes to a concern. For example, most people are aware of the effect of having bad habits such as smoking and drinking together with they are willing to spend money on preventing to suffer from disease like inoculation. However, because of gender roles and economic positions, these factors will affect people to make decision on keeping healthy. In this case, analyzing how these factors lead to poor health conditions is the first step to have deep understanding on this. More importantly, suggestion would be given to deal with the issue about health inequality.
To begin, it is necessary to define what health is. Normally, health means the absence of disease. However, to have further definition from Sarah Earle (2009), it basically divides into two main parts: official definitions and lay definitions. For official definitions, according to World Health Organization (1948), it clearly stated that health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Besides, it’s about ‘a right’ or an ideal to be achieved but not a precise description of the state of health. For lay definitions, these are based on individual experience and folk knowledge on health and illness. For example, if our legs get hurt or in pain, it is high recommended to eat the legs of pig.

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