Social Inequality In Sociology

1473 Words6 Pages
Social inequality always was and still is an issue of the high concern among the scholars and sociology researchers. This phenomenon has existed throughout the complete history of the development of society. Moreover, it causes active discussions about why it exists, what factors contribute to its development, and how the society was regarding this problem within different historical periods. In consideration of the relationships between the slaves and masters in antiquity, peasants and landlords in feudalism, and workers and capitalists in capitalism, it is possible to state that class inequality has always existed and is one of the ground foundations of the society. Max Weber and Karl Marx both devoted their work to the explanation of the…show more content…
With respect to this, social class is perceived in the sociology as the combination of economic and political characteristics that identify the belonging of a person to a definite group. The most common approach to the differentiation of classes is the stratification “according to their relations to production and acquisition of goods” (Textbook, p. 193). This idea was suggested by Karl Marx and offered the basis for his division of the society into the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. However, Max Weber pointed out the weakness of Marx's theory referring to its foundation on economic indicators only and offering a wider perspective including the introduction of status groups that are stratified “according to principles of their consumption of goods as represented by special 'styles of life'” (Textbook, p. 193). This idea adds to a more profound understanding of the complexity of class division and envisions also the inclusion of the political dimension in the processes of class…show more content…
In terms of analyzing the relationships between slaves and slaveholders in the ancient time or the feudal system of the Medieval, there was always the unequal treatment of people and the exploitation of the work of lower classes. The theories of social inequality offered by Marx and Weber both reflect the idea of social class as a construct of the society. While Marx traces the roots of the issue of the division to the antiquity and the feudal times claiming that the modern capitalism is only a transformation of the previous orders, Weber emphasizes a more complicated construction with relation to the social class. Identifying also the impact of other factors, Weber promotes a more comprehensive understanding of the issue within the modern society. In any case, in spite of the reasons and the foundation of the inequality issue and its foundational meaning in the development of the civilization, it still might be necessary to reduce the impact of class division on the lives of
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