The social stigma that women are housekeepers and should be confined to the four walls of the house is perhaps a viable cause of gender disparity. They should not raise their voice regarding their fortune for the sake of the prestige of the family. In patriarchal society a lot of weightage is given to men.” The root cause of gender inequality in Indian society lies in its patriarchy system. According to the famous sociologists Sylvia Walby, patriarchy is “a system of social structure and practices in which men dominate, oppress and exploit women”. Women’s exploitation is an age old cultural phenomenon of Indian society.
Abstract: Dalit literature is a protest against all forms of exploitation based on class, race, sex, caste and community. Dalit literature is about the sufferings of “oppressed class”. Dalit writings help the reader to look in to the sufferings and problems of Dalit people under the clutches of the upper cast. If the woman belongs to dalit community they suffered of two types: first being a woman, second belongs to the lowestcommunity. Therefore it could be said they are “doubly oppressed.” For centuries they have been suffering mutely.
The gender roles of Jane Austen’s time, and the mirroring of them in Persuasion, are good examples of how hard it can be to resist inequality amongst sexes. Gender inequality is a social issue that recurs throughout the novel. Most of the characters that face gender inequality comply with their oppression. Moreover, the characters that are oppressed by gender inequality have come to expect such injustice. Jane Austen’s Persuasion demonstrates true-to-life examples of how both women and men accept their “role” in society, accept and expect it.
8.3 Major key determinant of inequality existed all around the world Sustainable development and empowerment of women can be ensured through education and patriarchal psychology, which is the barrier in the way of enhancing their economic, social and political status. Some factors such as traditional caste based attitude, gender insensitivity, illiteracy, lack of training of the marginalized women at the grassroots and the prevailing patriarchal tendency and gender segregation etc. have contributed towards the course of marginalization of women who belong to the deprived sections of the society. There are various most important key determinants of inequality existed in the society between man and woman, thereby women are still lacking and far behind from man in each field especially in the political arena. These issues and challenges depict in the chart mentioned below.
Her novels Sister of My Heart and The Vine of Desire focuses on the relationship between women but they also give a glimpse into the unavoidable and difficult circumstances where relationships are put to test under the fire of situational crisis and the way past comes to haunt the present lives of the characters and transforms their future course of action The novels effectively revisit the country of birth and Divakaruni throws light on the Indian society, customs and traditions. It helps in
Discuss the major contributions of feminist theory to the understanding of social And political life. Feminist theory has come to be recognised as an influential theory that has singled out the social exclusion of women. This could be seen as its main premise but it is a far broader perspective. Feminism has articulated that gender differences subjected to sex as argued have played a secondary role to men in the most influential decision making and power positions in society. This has caused the invisibility of women, which has become an indicator of inequality.
Be that as it may, she is given second place all over. They are dealt with as subordinates to men. One can argue saying that in our society everything propitious are named after women, but in reality, she is oppressed, subjugated, abused and ill treated in many ways. Sangati, one of her significant novels, is a record of Dalit women encounters of the joint oppression of caste and gender faced by them in all. It is also an autobiography of her
As Helen Cixous suggests, Gilman “breaks up truth with laughter.” (11) Although it was written hundred years ago yet it has so much relevance in the contemporary world. By strongly criticizing the culture and tradition of outside world, Gilman has brought this imaginary world with a feminist perspective. She has presented in her novel that, gender difference, suppression and oppression of women, sexual harassment, rape, will continue throughout the years. Gilman’s works are strongly embedded and connected with women like Women and Economics, Concerning Children, The home: Its work and Influence and many more. Herland depicts the breakdown of isolated society and expresses the changed ideas and the conflict between the outside world and their world.
Manju Kapur has always tried to depict the picture of the sufferings of women at deeper level in her novels. Feminism is a broad socio political movement specially advocating women’s welfare in society. Deriving upon this philosophy many women writers, thinkers and critics have formulated a school of thought that searches for such instances in
It is observed that women are still suffering and their struggle has not ended yet. Sarah Grimke’s observation in Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Woman (1853) explores how women still are deprived for their basic rights in the male dominated society. Many novelists of the period have tried to explore the woman’s world in a male dominated society. The plight and struggle of women in a male dominated society became the predominant aspect of Indian women novelists of the modern era. They tried to create the consciousness about the basic rights of women in society.