I suggest that the media institutions and firms, particularly marketers and advertisers, should consider business Ethics in the media, ethical aspects of the use of women and sexuality as a marketing instrument, and they may test how sexual and violent contents affects and influence viewers’ attitudes towards the media institutions. To conclude unethical media is huge problem that has many effects on both individuals and society, especially children. moreover it increased now by the appearance of the new technology and the internet. Many media institutions are violating the major ethical rules by using sexuality and violence.
Although the term stereotype was brought into English in the 20th century, now it is widely used everywhere. Generally stereotypes are simplified images or thoughts of a certain kind of person or thing. Usually a person who has stereotypes characterizes and then categorizes people by their race, gender, sexual orientation, religion or physical appearances. Stereotypes have a negative impact on people who are engaging it. The short story “Cathedral” by Raymond Carver along with “Flight Patterns” by Sherman Alexie show those negative impacts of stereotypes that not only affect the victims of stereotyping but also change the characters’ personality negatively.
Media is focused on people marginalized in society due to race, ethnicity and sexuality. It is based on well-known stereotypes and reinforces them. Moral panic sends society into mass hysteria over an issue or an event that occurs. Stanley Cohen believed that media created a moral panic. Stanley had published a book on folk devils and moral panics (1972) which says that moral panic occurs due to people or groups become threats to society and interests.
So, why do people choose hate groups? While there are many cases and theories we can study, the consensus it can be for a number of issues ranging from lack of responsibility and needing someone to blame, sense of power and authority and to have a “safe” place to share similar ideas; and then there are the stereotypical reasons, broken home, sexually abused and poverty. My working definition of what a hate group is and does, hate groups attempt to build the individuals perfect nation by gaining support of likeminded persons and projecting those ideas onto society through various methods, which brings us to how do we stop the
But what is stereotyping? According to the dictionary, stereotype is defined as “a simplified and standardised conception or image invested with special meaning and help in common by members of a group.” Moreover, it is considered as a form of prejudice, as people are putting labels about how a person should act or live according to their gender, nationality, religion, personality or appearance. This creates pre judgment, including misconceptions, which can develop further, leading to bigger problems and complications. Society can be broken down into many groups or categories and there are all sorts of categories within stereotyping, which are the tools used to stereotype.
Ethnic stereotypes operate in the same ways for men and women. In the reading “ Being WEIRD: How Culture Shapes the Mind,” Ethan Watters mentions how culture shapes the way of thinking and perception. “The most interesting thing about cultures…they mold out most fundamental conscious and unconscious thinking and perception. ”(Watters 496). This shows how culture is not just about the materialistic things, but how it influence’s ones thinking and judgment in general.
Stereotyping is a way of categorizing certain groups of people or types of individuals with regards to gender, race, culture, religion etc. Stereotyping arises from prior assumptions due to influences by the media, history and personal experience. The statement: “To gain an understanding of the world we need to make use of stereotypes,” appears that stereotyping is required in order to really understand the world, and knowledge issues can be drawn from this statement: Does stereotyping prevent us from knowing someone truly and how are stereotypes created in the first place? One way to examine and discuss the knowledge issues is to look at different areas of knowledge, which in our case will be History and Human Science.
In comparison, both Olive Penderghast and Minister Hooper gain their notoriety through rumors and assumptions. Assumptions that are spread around by their peers gaining more speed as they go, to the point that their images seen by others is changed. Kieffer writes that often, “The target of rumors and gossip often represents a threat to the group power structure by having (often unintentionally) violated unconsciously held group norms, or by merely embodying a set of traits or values that threatens the prestige or power of an in-group” (Kieffer). In Easy A Marianne sees Olive as a threat to what she believes in and starts to spread the rumors about her, even telling her “[to Olive] You 've made your bed... I just hope for your sake, you 've cleaned the sheets” (0:10:20 – 0:10:24).
Media is very powerful because it can change human perspectives. Because people mainly rely on news and other media, it’s very important to learn their message. Media can use a manipulative message to persuade the audience and publish false stereotypes. Stereotypes like poverty, illiteracy, and violence, regard African American can have a negative impact on black people that usually we feel less worthy than others. African people are commonly portrayed by media as poor or from lower class family.
Particularly, the negative images promoted by the media raise concerns regarding the degree to which media should be subjected to censorship . The use of profanity, violence, and negative imagery in all forms of popular media has become commonplace in today’s society. Such nonchalant promotion of said images in public media has negatively impacted the minds of people, and this carelessness could be linked to an increase in self-destructive behavior and violence. Consequently, there should be a stronger censorship of detrimental imagery in today’s media because the ideals expressed in the popular media influence audiences to make irresponsible choices, and millions of young people are influenced by the media of today’s society.
They do that for purposes of entertainment. The media also attempts to satisfy stereotypes individuals are acquainted with, and it also likes to impress and attempt to relate to a certain type of audience. The repeated negative exposure that the media gives to certain cultures, religions and ethnicities is what causes these misconceptions. A number of methods can be pursued to lower the rate of biased news, and stereotypes on entertainment media.
Racism may be steered towards a certain race now in America, but it makes an impact on people all over the country. The topic of social inequality is important to bring awareness to as it not only affects teens in modern America, but changes society’s views of tolerance and acceptance, and impacts how author’s influence readers about the topic. Racism is once again a popular topic in this country and is getting worse than it was before. Racism has turned into killing of black man and police officers. This is resulting in violent protesting.
Studies continuously present that the media displays immensely ostentatious as well as thwarted depictions of the mentally ill, which emphasize aggressive and erratic behavior. The media shapes critical and condemnatory responses towards the mentally ill from society, which include fearfulness, rejection, and ridicule. The media is to be blamed for promoting stigma along with prejudice against the mentally ill. This stigma has proven to be more disabling than the illnesses that these individuals have. Media depiction of the mentally ill is often exaggerated, which leads to the overall portrayal being misleading and generally inaccurate.
Even though stereotypes are easy to use, it is an overly simplified picture of one person, which can lead to the person being narrow minded. The T.V shows and movies have a big contribution on showing these stereotypes. In the article “Why Stereotypes Are Bad” the author explains how the shows and movie show how one particular group acts. For example, “Seeing these stereotypes time and time again on television or in movies reinforce our belief in them.” Having no real idea how a group acts, the movies or T.V shows strengthen how a group acts in an oversimplified way.