Separate but Unequal: The Fight to End Desegregation Segregation is the act or practice of setting groups of people apart from each based on the pigment of their skin, which is unjust and immoral. A man needs food, water, shelter, and medicine, regardless if they are black or white. In the United States after the Civil War, American society was segregated. Segregation of public places such as restaurants, buses, and schools were allowed. The separating of black and white has caused many problems in society and these inequalities are still felt today.
Discrimination against blacks was happening in both the North and the South equally. While the Plessy vs. Ferguson case declared facilities were to be “separate but equal”, they were separate and unequal for 60 years. In Document C, there is a water fountain where one side is for whites, while the other side is for colored. This only created more tension between whites and blacks, and made the fight even harder for everyone to be treated equally. African Americans will always get the run down part of the bus and the dirtier water fountain.
Another was the death of a 60-year-old black man named John Dukes, who was killed by whites in revenge for Dukes shooting a white constable. Dukes was hanged and even set on fire by the mob. Because of these events, and many other previous ones, Senator Wagner requested that the federal government do something. However, the Attorney General said that they could not become involved in state government issues, unless the federal government allowed it. What was even more disappointing was the fact that no anti-lynching bill had been passed on the federal level.
Negroes do not like it in any book or play whatsoever, be the book or play ever so sympathetic in its treatment of the basic problems of the race.” If true, how is Huckleberry Finn an exception? There are many accounts and complaints of white students acquiring foul racist behavior within Huckleberry Finn. One is the case of students racially abusing an African American child’s father after they have learned the novel. “...his father says, was verbally and physically abused by his white classmates after they have all read Huckleberry Finn in class.” - Nat Hentoff, Village Voice. To make the situation worse, these cases happen more than often.
Jim Crow Laws made African Americans and Caucasians “equal”, but “separate.” Jim Crow Laws did uphold to the” separate” part of the laws, but the “equal” part was not true. Racial segregation is born. Racial segregation could be found in all public establishments in the south between the years of 1877- 1960s. Jim Crow Laws allowed Caucasian owned establishments to segregate without punishment. A few examples of Jim Crow Laws are “all marriages between a white person and a negro are forever prohibited and shall be illegal and void; no colored person shall serve as a barber to white women or girls; every employer of white or negro males shall provide separate toilet facilities; it shall be unlawful to conduct a restaurant or other place for the serving of food in the city, at which white and colored people are served in the same room; and the county shall provide schools of two kinds; those for white children and those for colored children.” In most southern states the only public swimming pool was a “whites only” pool, and for this reason many African American children did not learn how to swim.
That would make this year alone to be one of the deadliest years since people had begun tracking this statistic back in 2013. King also mentions that no one in this country will care about police brutality until the police start killing white families, which clearly brings us to the assumption that almost all of the 660 victims have been criminalized and racially profiled (King para 1 & 2). This piled on top of the excuse of a government is an important factor to our existential
In the article “Zoot-Suit Fighting Spreads on Coast” (1943) it discusses the racial tension between sailors and soldiers and the “zoot suits” on the west coast. Zoot Suits were mainly Mexican Americans and some African Americans who wore certain outfits that showed that they opposed these “wartime authorities” on the west coast. Most of the Zoot Suits were young men, some as young as twelve years old. This racial tension eventually turned into the soldiers and zoot suits hating each other and this eventually resulted in a week of rioting where more than 150 people were hurt. During this time in 1943 the US was still fighting a world war, so there was no need for anymore chaos to be going on.
The following year Johnson enacted the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which allowed federal employees to register voters, prohibited any change in voting stations unless permitted, and eliminated voting barriers like taxes and tests. Voting centers were no longer allowed to inhibit black voters by making up their own rules, otherwise they would be investigated. Allowing African Americans to do their civic duty and be heard in the federal government was exactly what many civil rights movements were fighting for. The government would hear more than just the white man’s voice with this new law, they would also hear the voice of many oppressed peoples. The inability to vote was exactly what led to the creation of the United States, and allowing another population to vote is undoubtedly a turning point in the country’s history.
One of the biggest highlighted event in the movie would be when the white people made separate bathrooms for the black people in their houses. People were disgusted about the idea of having to use the same toilet as a black person because of the “diseases” they carry and wanted seperate bathrooms. This was also just another way that white people to keep blacks under them by making them feel inferior. We also have the case of the segregated buses where the white sit in the front and black sit in the back. At this point of the movie a young black man had gotten shot and the driver boarded the bus to kick off all the black people just by saying “colored people off”.
This riot tore this city apart. The violence was largely one-sided, with mobs of armed whites buring hundreds of black homes and beating and lynching the black residents. First off, St. Louis’ government was made of corrupt political whites that wanted to break the influence of the growing black community. At the time, St. Louis was nicknamed “ The Land of Milk and Honey” for black people( First 5). Blacks would come to St. Louis and within 24 hours, they could have a job at the factories.
However the war also change for the better. It gave induvial that are black the equal opportunity to vote and etc. This would have never happened if the fight for freedom didn’t take place. Now I am going to talk a little about the 13th Amendment of the U.S Constitution and tell why it was important. The Thirteenth Amendment history staff states (“Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicticted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction”)history.
People hear of police killing innocent black men and blame them for being racist. However, after further research, I argue that their claims are not true. When it comes to police shootings, blacks aren’t the only targets. Far many more white people are killed by police which shows that this is definitely not a racial problem. Based on data collected by the FBI, crime rates have gone down but the number of police shootings have increased.
Many whites felt as if colored people and whites should not attend the same schools. Segregation was not just in schools but in the communities as well. Laws such as Jim Crow Law stopped the colored and the white people from seating, eating, and playing together, “It shall be unlawful for a negro and white person to play together or in company with each other in any game of cards or dice, dominoes or checkers” (americanhistory.si.edu). White as if they were more superior then the Colored people, “African Americans were reminded that most of their fellow citizens believed them to be inferior and undeserving of equal treatment” (Sharp 39). It was very hard for a colored person to find a job, they worked as farmhands, servants or janitors.