Social Institution Research Paper

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According to S. N. EISENSTADTIN, STIFLTONASR E institutions are those process and structures, together with the associated set of regulative principles, that arrange human activities in a community "into definite organizational patterns from the point of view of some of the perennial, basic problems of any society or ordered social life."' From this perspective, the social dimension of the concept of social institutions is seen in terms of its "institutional spheres," which include family and kinship, education, economics, politics, culture, and stratification.
If we start generalizing or universalizing some institution or some phenomenon then there is always a risk of being judgmental, stereotype and ignoring
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this biological narrative is also explained in the ancient vedic literature of India. All social institutions functioning is compared to biological functioning of human body. all social institutions are said to be integrated in the same manner our heart, lungs, liver etc are related to each other. Each part of the body is crucial for the functioning of the body. we can’t do away with even our small nails. In the same way all the social institutions like family, religion, state etc can’t do away without each other. A family can’t survive in isolation in this world. They will need food for which they need to depend on agricultural institutions and for some multinational companies supplying the species, protein and other food essentials because a family can’t grow all the food essentials on its own. Even if some families come together as a group or community to produce for themselves they have to be dependent on each other and their behavior will be guided by some set of rules for efficient functioning of the system. We can see most basic universal social institution, which is family through the functional perspective. Many sociologists have regarded the family as the cornerstone of society. It is the basic unit of social organization and we can’t imagine human society without the family. Family is characterized by presence of parents, guardian, co-travelers, children bound together by emotional, physical and property. According to this functional perspective family is a mechanism for maintaining social order and harmony in the society. GEROGE PETER MURDOCH pointed out four basic functions of the community. Which are as follows
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