In order to evaluate better the scale of such violence, while identifying gaps in data collection and formulating proposals for assessing the extent of the problem. A researcher can find the causes of violence against women, including its root cause and other contributing factors and further more detect the medium and long-term consequences of violence against women and see to the health, social and economic costs of violence against women.The identification of best practice is through examples in areas including legislation, policies, programmes and effective remedies, and the efficiency of such mechanisms to the end of fighting and removing violence against women. This study will evaluate findings, and identify good practices and will be effective. Research
Some authors cite possible solutions for this problem and the most notable solutions were reconstruction of laws and change in the workplace structure through the strict implementation of these laws against gender inequality. In the study of Maniam, B., Russell, K., and Subramaniam, G. (2010) recommended for the reconstruction or amendments of public policies or laws that fights gender inequality. Also, according to Anku-Tsede, O., and Gadegbeku, C. (2014) stated that the laws that promote gender equality should be strongly implemented, not just in the state but also within the institutions or companies to change the workplace structure. If the problem of gender inequality will be solved, it will create greater opportunities for women, companies, and the state in terms of job opportunities, career growth and development, profit maximization, and economic growth. Despite the solutions given by the authors, the researcher believes that to end this problem, solving the root cause is the best idea to eliminate gender inequality.
Through the years, feminism has been molded by societal stereotypical perceptions that are brought upon by feminism goal transformations. Today, feminism can be divided into two parts – old feminism and modern feminism. According to Winifred Holtby, the focus of the old feminist movement was equality among genders while modern feminism focuses on the importance of “women’s point of view”
This is evident by its attempts to reduce crime and its problems in a moral way, through criminological knowledge and trying to shape the way in which crime has been apprehended and governed in recent debates (Deflem, 2013 and Titlilec 2004). Overall, public criminology influences contemporary criminology in order to enhance crime regulations and criminological public issues by public debates and dialogues. Currie’s descriptions mentioned that public criminology as a branch of criminology takes a more dynamic, methodical and effective role in the world of social policy and social action (2007, pp.176). Moreover, as we examine public criminology, it is clear that by applying knowledge, it has helped reshape the reward structures of universities in the field of criminology. Furthermore, it has helped to identify some of the limits of current public criminology conversation and proposes several ideas for committing to a critical approach to change.
Conflict representation theory/study This research project aims at unpacking conflict representations, therefore it is essential to understand the techniques and strategies implemented when representing conflict. Political leaders invest time and resources in in order to promote official frames to media (Gadi Wolfsfeld, Paul Frosh & Maurice T. Awabdy 2008:401). Galtung 1998, Manoff 1998 & Wolfsfeld 2004 cited by Wolfsfeld et al (2008:401) explains that the ways in which the news media represent conflicts “are also likely to have a significant influence on any subsequent attempts at conflict resolution”. Annelore Deprez and Karin Raeymaeckers (2010:92) explain that the “selection and construction of news items, the picture that we see of ‘the foreign’, is a filtered, distorted, manipulated, one-sided and simplified image”. Looking at the techniques used by the media one may understand how this statement is given substance.
This paper will consider the consequences of warfare on vulnerable groups in the light of the international humanitarian law. It is a study that asks the question what are the effects of armed conflicts on human rights? This observation reviews the violations of international human rights law and humanitarian law during wars and armed conflicts over the previous and recent years and through several cases. The Battle of Solferino was the direct cause to establish the international humanitarian law. Moreover, armed conflicts continue to be a fundamental source in developing the principles for the confirmation affecting this law.
Moreover, gender inequality is subjected to cultural interpretations to justify acts of discrimination, gender-based inequality and violence against women. Thirdly, the implementation of human rights, which has traditionally been undermined by cultural relativism, will be discussed. According to cultural relativists, human rights implementations are different, and should be different, from culture to culture. Universalists maintain that at least the minimum standard of human rights doctrine must be met and reject the implementation of human
Transitional justice as defined by the United Nations is a set of mechanisms and processes that are linked to a societies attempt to embrace past violations in order to facilitate accountability, serve justice and foster reconciliation. Transitional justice include judicial and non judicial processes that focus on the right to truth, institutional reform, consultations and reparations. Because violations of human rights do not only affect the victims but society at large, efforts should be made to ensure that such violations do not recur. Transitional justice as facilitated by truth commissions ensure that institutions that were involved or incapable of preventing past human rights violations are reformed. If past human rights violations are not addressed, they are likely to lead to mistrust among different groups, in state institutions and may also hinder the attainment of security and peace.
These women rights are the entitlements and privileges that are claimed for the girls and women in the various societies worldwide. In some of the countries, these rights which were formed based on the feminist and women's rights movements are supported by the law or institutionalized while in others, they may face suppression or ignorance. The rights differ from the broader human rights notions to the inherent historical biasness claims. Natural rights were developed back in the 17th century which defended the inferior women status by the law and slavery. In the start of the 19th century, these rights were challenged and it is since then that the rights of women started to be recognized.