Justice is one of the most important moral and political concepts. Justice is the legal or philosophical theory by which fairness is administered. Philosophers want to get further than etymology and dictionary definitions to consider, for example, the nature of justice as both a moral virtue of character and a desirable quality of political society, as well as how it applies to ethical and social decision-making. Theories of distributive justice concern what is distributed, between whom they are to be distributed, and what is the proper distribution. Egalitarians argued that justice can only exist within the coordinates of equality.
ARISTOTLE ANALYSIS OF JUSTICE The first thorough analysis of the concept of justice is still the best. In one sense it implies to the whole of virtue. A just and a moral right person is one who always done what is morally right and obeys the law justice in this sense is called universal justice in the eyes of Aristotle. More precisely and particularly justice consist of taking only a proper share of some good. JUSTICE IN NICOMACHEAN ETHICS: Aristotle observed in book V of the nicomachean ethics that the word justice is has a double meaning as: “Justice can mean either lawfulness or fairness, since injustice is lawlessness and unfairness.
In the Republic, Thrasymachus has rather compelling definition of justice. He says that it is “...nothing other than the advantage of the stronger.” From this definition Thrasymachus constructs a corollary: the stronger use injustice so injustice itself is more powerful than justice. Is justice simply whatever the current rulers decide it should be, whether in a democratic, tyrannical or oligarchical system? Or is there something more to it, as Socrates argues? One of the potentially faulty arguments Socrates uses to ponder Thrasymachus’ definition of justice involves considering injustice within a single person.
According to the story, the human understanding of justice is that it revolves around the actions assumed by the law rather than the actual outcomes. The idea of justice constructed upon the process accepted is based on the simple fact that it ensures that all the pertinent issues are addressed. Additionally, if the process is not followed correctly, it’ll become too complex to explain to the accuser how an action done good to them will now make up for an action done wrong to them before. This idea should be applied in today’s culture because the public is accountable for serving justice and it is obligated to follow the correct process in doing so appropriately. Much of the Assyrian law concept of justice is comparable to the Babylonian law because both had many very harsh punishments.
He states that justice is done when a human being wishes to do a duty, without under any fear. His theory of justice says that justice is craft performance. And for this technique is needed to perfect the skill which is attached with such craft. Craft is the skillset and it should be performed diligently. Thus, justice would mean, every person who is responsible to deliver justice should be obliged to perform his craft properly and eliminate any person, who within it does alien things, to harmonize the whole process.
Within both Plato’s The Republic and Sophocles’ Antigone, the concept of justice is heavily focused on mostly in order to figure out what is considered just or not. In addition to the overall theme of justice being the main topic, the meaning of death and how it relates to the deeper economic/philosophical significance behind the texts is discussed. However, these texts differ in the way that justice is perceived. In The Republic, justice is defined in such a way that will benefit everyone in a society, whereas in Antigone, many of the examples of justice are defined for personal reasons. Beginning with the concept of death in Antigone, for most of the characters death comes as something extremely unfortunate, as it is used as way the government
Since virtue can be said to be a specific individual character, Aristotle also defines the virtue of justice as the character of justice, with which citizens act justly and desire to do what is just. The virtue of justice is also an individual ethical virtue, differing from others for it is at the same time a social ethic. We can call the virtue of justice a "non-individual individual ethical
Also justice is a value both individual and public and is always seen as a manifestation of attitude of men towards others, because if there is only one man in the world then there would be no concept of fair or unfair, just or unjust. Justice is seen as attitude of an individual towards life and society. This aspect of justice is also used in modern Indian legal philosophy which is relevant in relation to administration and appointment of judges, because judges should have dharma as moral part of their nature. The concept of justice in ancient Indian jurisprudence also carried in it the essential character of modern doctrines like “rule of law”, “doctrine of separation of power” concept of natural rights etc. principles of equity also kind of owe their origin to pure virtue.
This is the kind of justice that is used when distributing wealth, honor and other assets of the community. Corrective justice, on the other hand, is the kind of justice used by courts to correct an imbalance that has occurred. This is used, for instance, where damage has occurred through a delict or breach of contract. Aristotle's ideas of the state, law and politics is closely related to his metaphysical belief that the essential purpose or task for human beings (the form) is to cultivate the virtues and practical common sense needed to live a good ethical
Theory of Justice Analysis Paper A person’s actions and consequences of those actions may affect not only the person but also have effects on the lives of others around the person. It requires a certain range of individual to maximize benefits and minimize harm to self and others. Depending on the goal of a person’s activities, the ethics of such actions may either be geared towards addressing the actions or towards addressing the outcomes of these actions. Based on the intentions and outcomes of the ethical guidelines they provide, there are four primary classes of ethics including relativism, virtue ethics, deontology, and consequentialism (Tilley, 2005). Rawls’s Theory of Justice aims at overcoming the shortcomings of virtue, consequence,