So true justice does not rest on what society reflects upon with reason alone. The place to learn about justice is first and foremost from the biblical narrative of God’s creative, sustaining and redeeming activity in the world. The meaning of justice is known primarily from God’s revelation in history, and in the Bible is found the record of this revelation. The Bible is the story of God’s self-disclosure in both word and deed, and it is from this disclosure that one comes to know and understand more what justice entails. Social justice finds its beginning in God, who is both social and just.
Justice is one of the most important moral and political concepts. Justice is the legal or philosophical theory by which fairness is administered. Philosophers want to get further than etymology and dictionary definitions to consider, for example, the nature of justice as both a moral virtue of character and a desirable quality of political society, as well as how it applies to ethical and social decision-making. Theories of distributive justice concern what is distributed, between whom they are to be distributed, and what is the proper distribution. Egalitarians argued that justice can only exist within the coordinates of equality.
a viable alternative to existing philosophical doctrines and the intended concept will be based on a theoretically enhanced version of the social contract. Since Rawls states a theory, it is a generalization that can be put into any situation or circumstance. Rawls’ book ‘A Theory of Justice’ constitutes of a set of ideas used to define what justice truly is; Justice as fairness is the principle of a theory of justice according to Rawls. JUSTICE AS FAIRNESS: Rawls doesn’t give a dictionary definition of the principle ‘justice as fairness’ as the concept deals with loaded terms and is all in the abstract. Rawls forms the idea of justice as fairness by addressing all the possible components in the concept right from who the theory primarily addresses
It is required to promote justice in adjudicatory process. Credibility of judicial process ultimately depends on the manner of doing administration of justice. Judiciary can promote social justice through its judgments. Indian Judiciary has played an important role to uplift the Animal Laws in India and to protect their rights from all types of cruelty . Human Society International/India lists judgements passed by India’s courts that strengthened animal law and mitigated animal abuse and suffering.
Procedural justice research suggests that there is another possible route to effective social regulation besides punitive punishment (Tyler, 1990). The route also involves a way of treating people with respect and procedural justice. When people are being treated well, they view legal authorities and laws as more legitimate and obeyed them. As a result, people become self amendable taking on the personal responsibility for following social rules. Is procedural or moral justice applicable for this aim?
Also justice is a value both individual and public and is always seen as a manifestation of attitude of men towards others, because if there is only one man in the world then there would be no concept of fair or unfair, just or unjust. Justice is seen as attitude of an individual towards life and society. This aspect of justice is also used in modern Indian legal philosophy which is relevant in relation to administration and appointment of judges, because judges should have dharma as moral part of their nature. The concept of justice in ancient Indian jurisprudence also carried in it the essential character of modern doctrines like “rule of law”, “doctrine of separation of power” concept of natural rights etc. principles of equity also kind of owe their origin to pure virtue.
The theory of justice can act as a guide in a society that pursues equality, whereby, inequality is only acceptable if it is to the benefit of the disadvantaged. Principles of the Theory of Justice Rawls’s Theory of Justice is guided by two primary guiding principles that are derived from the works of the theory included (Sen, 2006). The First Principle of Justice According to Rawls (2009), “Each person is to have an equal right to the most extensive basic liberty compatible with a similar liberty for others”. This principle protects some fundamental rights like the right to run for office and vote, liberty of conscience, freedom of speech, freedom from arbitrary arrest, and freedom of personal property. However, there is still some debate if freedom of contract makes this list.
ETHICAL AND LEGAL STANDARDS IN SOCIAL WORK: CONSISTENCY AND CONFLICT Introduction According to Collin Dictionary, ethics is the philosophical study of the moral value of human conduct and of the rules and principles that ought to govern it; moral philosophy. For legal is established by or founded upon law. Definition for social work is organized work intended to advance the social conditions of a community, and especially of the disadvantaged, by providing psychological counseling, guidance, and assistance, especially in the form of social services (Free Dictionary, 2011). Family service agencies, community mental health centers, prisons, schools, medical and psychiatric hospitals, hospice programs, substance abuse treatment centers, the
THE PHILOSOPHY OF DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE SYSTEM Ashish Kumar Distributive Justice or Economic Justice or the Fair Share principle, as the name suggests, is basically concerned with the social and economic welfare of the citizens. It says that an equal society is that where there is a fair allocation of the material goods and services between all the sections of the society. John Rawls, the main theorist of Distributive Justice gives two basic principles of Fairness or Fair Share related to Distributive Justice. The Constitution of India, through Article 14, 15, 16, 38, 39, 39(A) enforces the principle of distributive justice. Distributive justice exists in a society where there exists no inequality, so the Indian constitution through these articles tries to remove the prevailing inequalities in the society.
Justice is a concept which is present in every society. According to yourdictionary.com, justice is defined as ‘the use of power as appointed by law, honour or standards to support fair treatment and due reward’. Nowadays, we tend to think of justice in this way, as a system of law enforcement. The rules are set down as laws by the state and then they are enforced. It can differ