Social learning theory and social bonding theory are two theories that may be compared and contrasted because they both overlap and differ. Although these theories have their similarities and differences, one theory may prove to be more convincing in terms of applying the theory to the understanding of crime and delinquency. Social learning theory refers to Akers’ theory of crime and deviance. Akers attempted to specify the mechanism and processes through which criminal learning takes place by explaining crime and deviance; he did this in such a way that the likelihood of conforming or deviant behavior based on the influence of an individual’s history of learning was accounted for. This theory was based off Sutherland’s differential association theory, which had nine propositions outlining the process by which individuals acquire attitudes favorable to criminal or delinquent behavior with the basic idea that people tend to associate with others in which they come into contact.
It can have positive or negative effects on one 's development and behavior, especially in children. This is demonstrated in the social learning theory. One of the most analyzed theories in criminology today is the social learning theory. The social learning theory derives from the differential association theory by Dr. Edward Sutherland. The social learning theory of criminology says that individuals learn from the community around them.
Compare and contrast modeling theory with attachment theory. How do each of these perspectives explain aggressive and/or criminal behavior? Which of these two explanations do you find more compelling? Justify your selection. Modeling theory was developed by Albert Bandura and is used by criminologist when violent acts occur to sometimes explain the reason behind those acts.
His work mainly revolves around social learning theory. He also acknowledges with behaviourist learning theories of "classical conditioning" and "operant conditioning." He further accumulates 2 concepts: 1) "Mediating process happens between stimuli and responses." 2) " Behaviour is learned from the environment through the process of observational learning." The behaviour we observed is models.
The criminological theory that I think is the best is the social leaning theory. The social learning is a social learning behavior which is affected by your peers. The people around you can really affect the way you think and act. Just hanging and socializing with people you can adapt bad habits. Learning also occurs through the observation of reactions and punishments.
The ego attribute controls the id effects by establishing boundaries. The last attributes are called super-ego which judges our situations through morality, ("Varying Theories on Crime," n.d). Social Structure Theory originated in the Sociological Theory area which takes a diverse posture stating that if biologic factors clarify criminal activities, then why does most criminal activities are found in bad neighborhoods? The ideology of this theory refers to conditions like: urban conditions, conflict, and criminal behavior, ("Varying Theories on Crime,"
Rational Orientation Introduction Within this discussion board, we will discuss the key purpose of criminal justice in regards to either rational or legal orientation of criminal justice. Then clarify what are the main assumptions of this orientation, and whether or not we share these assumptions and agree or disagree with the stated purpose, why or why not? The main purpose of rational choice Criminal justice, according to rational choice thinks that crime is brought about, and that “criminal behavior is no different from noncriminal behavior based on that person intentionally choose to undertake and that they choose to commit crime because it will be more rewarding and less costly for them than noncriminal behavior” (“Rational Choice Theory”,
Is procedural or moral justice applicable for this aim? Based on theories of inclusive of behavioral, societal and interpersonal psychology, the most influential to reducing recidivism is that of restorative justice. Moral justice reflects the perceptions and moral values of its social structure else face not only resistance to comply but a reduction in the social perception regarding the legitimacy of their authority. The major differences between the current justice model and restorative justice models is a shift in focus from satisfying generalized social justice to satisfying micro-justice as well. This has allowed greater involvement for victims regarding procedures, requirements for restitution and a voice in sentencing as well as opportunities to communicate with the offender in a personal manner (Cialdini, 2007).
Labelling is an intrinsic response which occurs as people interact with society and associate other individuals or groups with a certain category that reflects on their behaviours and actions. The labelling phenomenon generates a wide range of positive and negative consequences. It can encourage an individual to strive for extraordinary achievements, or completely destroy his or her honour through stigmatization. The labelling theory refers to the social reaction to deviance, and criminologists propose that deviant labels determine or influence an individual’s future delinquency. The social elites establish acceptable social norms and actively engage in the labelling process where powerless groups are unable to resist these imposed stigmatizations.
Conversely, the attribution theory deduces the cause of behavior from behavioral consequences. Hence, the attribution is the causal explanation and inference that the observers make to predict and evaluate human behavior. In summary, attribution is seeking causes of results. That is to say, people analyze their own behavior or others by utilizing their perceptions, thoughts, judgments and so on, and then they find out and explain the reasons for those behaviors. Therefore, attribution is an important component of human cognitive process, as well as an important influence on the formation of self-concepts.