According to Dunn, Aknin & Norton (2008) it is not how much money is available but how the money is spent that has a positive effect on happiness. So they hypothesized that spending money on others increases happiness more than spending money on oneself. But how is it that people then do not change their behavior? This question was answered by a study that found people seem to believe that more money makes happier as well as personal spending is better for one than pro-social spending. That is why the researchers suggest
Higher quality products allow for a higher sense of value provided to the customer. Then, companies can charge a higher price because of that. Whereas, from the quality as reliability perspective, customers want a product that performs as it was intended and can last. The product or service has to appeal to the customer and make them want your product over another. Companies will be more profitable because their products are more reliable, then they will have less defected products.
The results show that pro-social spending is indeed a significant predictor of happiness (Hill, Howell 2014), thereby replicating the findings of Dunn et al. (2008). Additionally self-transcendence was identified as a moderator between pro-social spending and happiness, but self-enhancement was not. Thus well-being does not rise through pro-social spending for people low in self-transcendence. Pro-social spending was linked to increased psychological need satisfaction, and psychological
Those that have social media accounts and have a large amount of friends or followers tend to have people who will put offensive or hurtful comments, “In general, those with low self-esteem get more responses from their actual Facebook friends when they put positive messages. Conversely, those with a high self-esteem get more responses when they post negative messages, likely because they don’t often do so” (Mosqaritolo). Those that have a high self-esteem wants to hear what others have to say about them, if they have good things to say, they will feed off of that comment so it will boost their self-esteem further than before. Those with low self-esteem wants to hear those comments but will deny the compliments they get, they put themselves down even when they get nice compliments. Low self-esteem brings the individuals attitude to a negative one, they are typically more negative online then people with average or high self-esteem.
For this study, the researcher attempts to test how differences in nostalgia-proneness relate to one’s enjoyment and selective exposure of known and unknown characters. Therefore the following hypotheses were proposed for this study. H4: Participants with higher nostalgia-proneness will have higher nostalgia than participants with lower nostalgia-proneness. This difference between the groups will be stronger with unoriginal characters compared to original characters. H5: Participants with higher nostalgia-proneness will have higher enjoyment than participants with lower nostalgia-proneness.
This response to official authority is realized in a variety of instances, for instance within the loved ones, school and office. 2) Describe how our behavior is affected by the presence of others. Experiments on social facilitation reveal that the presence of observers can arouse individuals, strengthening the most likely response and so boosting their performance on easy or well-learned tasks but hindering it on difficult or newly learned ones. When people pool their efforts toward a group goal, social loafing may occur as individuals exert less effort. When a group experience arouses people and makes them anonymous, they become less self-aware and self-restrained, a psychological state known as deindividuation.
Emotional Intelligence and Job Performance and Leadership Effectiveness Up to this point, intelligence has been analyzed as a general capacity, but there are specific components of intelligence that interact with daily life. Emotional intelligence is a clear example of this phenomenon. Daniel Goleman (2006) defines emotional intelligence as the ability to “recognize, understand and manage our own emotions [...] and recognize, understand and influence the emotions of others” Recent findings established that emotionally intelligent people are better performers than their partners with not such intelligence (Law, Song, & Wong, 2004; Van Rooy & Viswesvaran, 2004), but it is important to say that most of these associations are based on self-reported
Your posture affects your attitude “When you pretend to be powerful, you’re more likely to feel powerful.” On the other hand, people who slouch instead of sitting up straight “reported significantly lower self-esteem and moods.” 2. Your Attitude Affects Your Income Posture affects your attitude and mental state. Better posture makes you happier, and happy people make more money. 3. Your Posture Affects How Others Perceive You In one experiment, a social scientist found that those who practiced good posture before an interview were evaluated more positively overall, and hired more often.
It is concerned with the trait of proactively appreciating and seeking various experiences for personal sake, thereby portraying higher levels of toleration whilst having a greater propensity towards the exploration of the unfamiliar. This is a character that negatively correlates with bullying as extroverts tend to have greater self-esteem, confidence, and tolerance levels (Nielsen & Knardahl, 2015). It is however noted that limited research on the correlation between bullying and openness limits the use of this factor as an effective measure of personality traits vis-à-vis the likelihood of victimization or bullying contexts. Thus, based on the Five-Factor model, it can be stated that the hypothesis “tackling introversion can be an effective means towards drastically reducing bullying in schools” is partially true, with some level of
Singapore has an average population of 5.4 million people and there are 4 million users of Internet. Statistics shows that 74% of Singaporeans uses social media regularly, and more than 31% of users are aged between 25 and 34 years old. Based on various researches and studies in the field of social networks, it has been revealed that social Media are impacting the lives of youths greatly, and there